shellfish poisoning

      illness in humans resulting from the eating of certain mussels (mussel) and clams (clam). The source of the poison has been traced to the plankton upon which shellfish feed during parts of the year. Symptoms often begin within 10 minutes after eating the shellfish. Initially, there is tingling and numbness about the lips and prickly feelings in the fingertips. The throat is often dry. Staggering, giddiness, and muscular incoordination may appear, and speech is often incoherent. In severe cases, respiratory paralysis and death soon follow; mechanical respiratory aids and tracheotomy (surgical creation of an airway through an opening in the neck) may be lifesaving. If the individual survives the first 12 hours of illness, the chances for complete recovery are good. See also fish poisoning.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • shellfish poisoning — see PARALYTIC SHELLFISH POISONING * * * acute intoxication caused by ingestion of bivalve mollusks contaminated with neurotoxins. There are four different types: amnesic, diarrhetic, neurotoxic, and paralytic …   Medical dictionary

  • Shellfish poisoning — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 32220 ICD10 = ICD10|T|61|2|t|51 ICD9 = ICD9|988.0 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = emerg eMedicineTopic = 528 MeshID = There are four syndromes called shellfish poisoning, which… …   Wikipedia

  • Amnesic shellfish poisoning — (ASP) is a human illness caused by consumption of the marine biotoxin called domoic acid.[1] This toxin is produced naturally by marine diatoms belonging to the genus Pseudo nitzschia and the species Nitzschia navis varingica. When accumulated in …   Wikipedia

  • Neurotoxic shellfish poisoning — (NSP) is caused by the consumption of shellfish contaminated by breve toxins or brevetoxin analogs.[1] Symptoms in humans include vomiting and nausea and a variety of neurological symptoms such as slurred speech. No fatalities have been reported… …   Wikipedia

  • Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning — (DSP) is one of the four recognized symptom types of shellfish poisoning, the others being paralytic shellfish poisoning, neurotoxic shellfish poisoning and amnesic shellfish poisoning. As the name suggests, this syndrome manifests itself as… …   Wikipedia

  • Paralytic shellfish poisoning — (PSP) is one of the four recognized syndromes of shellfish poisoning (the others being neurotoxic shellfish poisoning, diarrhetic shellfish poisoning and amnesic shellfish poisoning). All four syndromes share some common features and are… …   Wikipedia

  • Diarrheal shellfish poisoning — Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) is one of the four recognised symptom types of shellfish poisoning, the others being paralytic shellfish poisoning, neurotoxic shellfish poisoning and amnesic shellfish poisoning.As the name suggests, this… …   Wikipedia

  • Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 T61.8 Toxische Wirkung sonstiger essbarer Meerestiere …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • paralytic shellfish poisoning — paralytic shell·fish poisoning shel .fish n food poisoning that results from consumption of shellfish and esp. 2 shelled mollusks (as clams, mussels, or scallops) contaminated with dinoflagellates causing red tide and that is characterized by… …   Medical dictionary

  • amnesic shellfish poisoning — noun Severe, sometimes fatal, poisoning caused by the ingestion of domoic acid from contaminated shellfish • • • Main Entry: ↑amnesia …   Useful english dictionary

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