Sharpeville massacre

▪ South African history
      (March 21, 1960), incident in the black township of Sharpeville, near Vereeniging, South Africa, in which police fired on a crowd of blacks, killing or wounding some 250 of them. It was one of the first and most violent demonstrations against apartheid in South Africa.

      The Pan-Africanist Congress (Pan-Africanist Congress of Azania) (PAC), a splinter group of the African National Congress (ANC) created in 1959, organized a countrywide demonstration for March 21, 1960, for the abolition of South Africa's pass laws. Participants were instructed to surrender their reference books (passes) and invite arrest. Some 20,000 blacks gathered near a police station at Sharpeville, located about 30 miles (50 km) south of Johannesburg. After the demonstrators began stoning police and their armoured cars, the police opened fire on them with submachine guns. About 69 blacks were killed and more than 180 wounded, some 50 women and children being among the victims. A state of emergency was declared in South Africa, more than 11,000 people were detained, and the PAC and ANC were outlawed. Reports of the incident helped focus international criticism on South Africa's apartheid policy. Following the dismantling of apartheid, South African President Nelson Mandela (Mandela, Nelson) chose Sharpeville as the site at which, on December 10, 1996, he signed into law the country's new constitution.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sharpeville massacre — The Sharpeville Massacre, also known as the Sharpeville shootings, occurred on March 21, 1960, when South African police began shooting on a crowd of black protesters. The confrontation occurred in the township of Sharpeville, in what is now… …   Wikipedia

  • Sharpeville Massacre —  Fatal shooting of sixty seven black South African demonstrators by police at black township of Sharpeville, near Johannesburg, on March 21, 1960 …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Sharpeville massacre — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sharpeville — Sharpeville …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sharpeville, Gauteng — Sharpeville is a township situated between two large industrial cities of Vanderbijlpark and Vereeniging in southern Gauteng, South Africa. It was established in 1942 when 5,466 houses were built.Place in South African historyOn March 21 1960 the …   Wikipedia

  • Sharpeville Six — The Sharpeville Six were six South African protesters convicted of the murder of Deputy Mayor of Sharpeville, Kuzwayo Jacob Dlamini, and sentenced to death. On September 3, 1984, a protest march in Sharpeville turned violent (some of the crowd… …   Wikipedia

  • Massacre De Sharpeville — Le Massacre de Sharpeville est relatif à la répression policière qui eu lieu le 21 mars 1960 à Sharpeville, un township (banlieue noire) de la ville de Vereeniging dans le Transvaal en Afrique du Sud. Sommaire 1 Historique 2 Hommages …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Massacre de Sharpeville — Apartheid Évènements Massacre de Sharpeville Émeutes de Soweto · Procès de la trahison · Procès de Rivonia · Attentat de Church Street (Pretoria) · Négociations sur le démantèlement de l apartheid en Afrique du Sud · Massacre de Boipatong ·… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sharpeville — 26° 40′ 00″ S 27° 52′ 00″ E / 26.6667, 27.8667 Sharpeville est u …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Massacre de Boipatong — Apartheid Évènements Massacre de Sharpeville Émeutes de Soweto · Procès de la trahison · Procès de Rivonia · Attentat de Church Street (Pretoria) · Négociations sur le démantèlement de l apartheid en Afrique du Sud · Massacre de Boipatong ·… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.