Selkirkshire

▪ former county, Scotland, United Kingdom
also called  Selkirk 

      historic county in southeastern Scotland, occupying a rolling upland region dissected by the valleys of the Ettrick and Yarrow waters (rivers), which merge in the east with the River Tweed. Selkirkshire lies entirely within the Scottish Borders council area.

      Archaeological evidence indicates that Selkirkshire was occupied by the Neolithic Period. Romans established military camps in the Ettrick valley and at Newstead. The history of the area for six centuries after the retreat of the Romans is that of southeastern Scotland as a whole. The county formed part of first the Celtic British kingdom of Strathclyde and then the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria and finally, about 1020, it was annexed to Scotland. The region subsequently suffered centuries of border warfare between the Scots and the English to the south. By the 16th century the area was called Ettrick Forest and was a hunting ground for the Scottish kings. The novelist Sir Walter Scott (Scott, Sir Walter, 1st Baronet) was sheriff of Selkirkshire from 1799 until his death. Selkirkshire was largely bypassed by the Industrial Revolution and remains essentially rural in character, although woolen textile manufacture did develop in Galashiels and Selkirk town. Galashiels is the largest town in the county, and Selkirk was the historic county town (seat).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Selkirkshire —    SELKIRKSHIRE, an inland county, in the south of Scotland, bounded on the north by the counties of Peebles and Edinburgh, on the south by Dumfries shire, on the east by Roxburghshire, and on the west by Peebleshire. It lies between 55° 22 and… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Selkirkshire — (spr. ßéll körkschir), Grafschaft im südöstlichen Schottland, grenzt im Süden an Dumfriesshire, im O. an Roxburgh und Berwickshire, im N. an Edinburgh und Peeblesshire und im W. an Lanarkshire und hat ein Areal von 666 qkm (12,1 QM.) mit (1901)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Selkirkshire — Selkirk   County (until circa 1890)   Country Scotland …   Wikipedia

  • Selkirkshire — 55°30′N 3°00′W / 55.5, 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Selkirkshire — Lage von Selkirkshire in Schottland Selkirkshire ist eine traditionelle Grafschaft im Südosten von Schottland. Historische Hauptstadt und namensgebender Ort ist die Stadt Selkirk. Als Verwaltungsgrafschaft bestand Selkirkshire zwischen 1890 und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Selkirkshire — Situación geográfica del antiguo condado de Selkirkshire, Escocia. Selkirkshire o Condado de Selkirk es un condado tradicional (registration county, en inglés) de Escocia. Limita con Peebles al oeste, con Midlothian al norte, con Berwick al… …   Wikipedia Español

  • selkirkshire — ˈsel(ˌ)kərkˌshi(ə)r, shər adjective or selkirk Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Selkirkshire or Selkirk, Scotland : of or from the county of Selkirk, Scotland : of the kind or style prevalent in Selkirk …   Useful english dictionary

  • Selkirkshire — geographical name see Selkirk II, 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • SELKIRKSHIRE —    (27), a south inland county of Scotland; extends S. from the corner of Midlothian to Dumfriesshire, between Peebles (W.) and Roxburgh (E.); the grassy slopes of its hills afford splendid pasturage, and sheep farming is a flourishing industry;… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • selkirkshire — sel·kirk·shire …   English syllables

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