Scylax Of Caryanda

▪ Greek explorer
flourished 6th century BC

      ancient Greek explorer who was a pioneer in geography and the first Western observer to give an account of India.

      It is known from Herodotus that Scylax was sent by the Persian king Darius I (in about 515 BC) to explore the course of the Indus River and that he returned by sea after two and a half years to the Isthmus of Heroonpolis (Suez). References in ancient authorities seem to show that he left a record of his voyages, but none of the references is even nearly contemporary; and it is difficult to say in what manner knowledge of Scylax was transmitted. The few fragments suggest a work in the form of a Periplus (mariner's coastal guide), with some geographic and ethnographic description and, in the account of India, some element of the fabulous. The extant Periplus that has come down under his name cannot, however, be the work of Scylax of Caryanda. Another work doubtfully attributed to Scylax is a work on the Carian Heraclides of Mylasa, who distinguished himself in the Greek revolt against the Persians (498 BC) and possibly in the second Greco-Persian War (480 BC). That the explorer and geographer was a pioneer also in historical-biographical literature is improbable.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Scylax of Caryanda — was an ancient Greek explorer from Caria. He lived during the 6th century BC.In about 515 BC Scylax was sent by the Persian king Darius I of Persia to explore the course of the Indus River. [J.Lendering (n.d.)] Scylax and his companions sailed… …   Wikipedia

  • Scylax de Caryanda — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Scylax. Scylax de Caryanda est un navigateur grec originaire de Carie qui vécut au VIe siècle av. J.‑C. Son voyage Il fut chargé par Darius Ier d une exploration qui devait le conduire de l Indus jusqu… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • SCYLAX — (SCYLAX VIe s.) Géographe grec. Originaire de Caryanda en Carie, Scylax aurait remonté le cours de l’Indus puis, après un voyage de trente semaines, atteint l’isthme de Suez. Hécatée, Aristote et Strabon ont utilisé sa description. Au SCYLAX IVe… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • SCYLAX — I. SCYLAX Caryandâ Cariae oppidô oriundus, Mathematicus et Musicus, missus a Xerxe Persarum Rege in Indiam, ut Indi fluminis caput vestigaret: Illud iter triginta mensibus, peragratâ totâ Indiâ, dexterrime confecit, inque illa peregrinatione suâ… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Pseudo-Scylax — Périple du Pseudo Scylax Le Périple du Pseudo Scylax est un périple grec datant du IVe ou du IIIe siècle av. J. C. On pense qu on lui a donné le nom de Scylax en référence à un navigateur grec mentionné par Hérodote, Scylax de Caryanda, qui… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Périple de Pseudo-Scylax — Périple du Pseudo Scylax Le Périple du Pseudo Scylax est un périple grec datant du IVe ou du IIIe siècle av. J. C. On pense qu on lui a donné le nom de Scylax en référence à un navigateur grec mentionné par Hérodote, Scylax de Caryanda, qui… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax — The Periplus of Pseudo Scylax is an Ancient Greek periplus, dating from 4th or 3rd century BC. The name Scylax is thought to be an appeal to authority: Herodotus (4.44) mentions a Scylax of Caryanda, a Carian navigator who explored the coast of… …   Wikipedia

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  • PSEUDO-SCYLAX° — (fl. c. 350 B.C.E.), pseudonym of the Greek author of a seafarers manual (Periplus), which includes a description of the Mediterranean and Black Sea coastlines. The work, entitled Periplus of the sea of inhabited Europe, of Asia, and of Libya,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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