Scoresby, William

▪ British explorer
born October 5, 1789, Cropton, near Whitby, Yorkshire, England
died March 21, 1857, Torquay, Devon

      English explorer, scientist, and clergyman who pioneered in the scientific study of the Arctic and contributed to the knowledge of terrestrial magnetism.

      At the age of 10 Scoresby made his first Arctic whaling voyage aboard his father's ship, the “Resolution,” which he later commanded in 1811. In 1813 he established that the temperature of polar waters is warmer at great depths than at the surface. His Account of the Arctic Regions with a History and Description of the Northern Whale-Fishery (1820) contained his own findings as well as those of earlier navigators. His voyage to Greenland in 1822, during which he surveyed 400 miles (650 kilometres) of the east coast, was his last venture into the Arctic. He then began divinity studies at Cambridge and later became a clergyman. His new career did not, however, end his scientific work. In 1848, while crossing the Atlantic, he made valuable observations on the height of waves. He also voyaged to Australia in 1856 to gather data on the Earth's magnetism.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SCORESBY, WILLIAM —    scientist, born at Whitby; began life as a sailor; visited the Arctic regions twice over, and wrote an account of his explorations; took to the Church, and held several clerical charges, but retired in 1849, and gave himself to scientific… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • William Scoresby — (* 5. Oktober 1789 nahe Whitby, Yorkshire; † 21. März 1857 in Torquay) war ein britischer Seefahrer und Forscher. Leben und Wirken Scoresby war ein englischer Walfänger, der zwischen 1803 und 1822 ca. 20 Reisen in nordische Gewässer machte. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scoresby — (spr. ßkōrsbi), William, engl. Seefahrer, geb. 5. Okt. 1789 in Cropton, gest. 21. März 1857 in Torquay, Sohn des erfahrenen Walfischfängers William S. (geb. 1760, gest. 1829), begleitete früh seinen Vater auf dessen Fahrten in das arktische Meer… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Scoresby —   [ skɔːzbi], William, britischer Polarforscher, * Cropton (bei Whitby) 5. 10. 1789, ✝ Torquay (heute zu Torbay) 21. 3. 1857; erreichte 1806 mit seinem Vater William Scoresby (* 1760, ✝ 1829) in der Grönlandsee die damals höchste erreichte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Scoresby — ist der Name: des britischen Seefahrers und Forschers William Scoresby (1789–1857) eines Stadtteils (suburb) von Melbourne im Gebiet Knox City eines Fjordsystems und einer Ortschaft in Ostgrönland, siehe Scoresbysund einer literarischen Figur aus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scoresby — (spr. ßkohrsbĭ), William, engl. Seemann, geb. 5. Okt. 1789 zu Cropton (York), drang 1806 bis 81° 30 n. B. vor, untersuchte 1822 die Ostküste Grönlands, dann Theolog, gest. 31. März 1857 zu Torquay. – Biogr. von seinem Neffen (1861) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • William Scoresby — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image size =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = 5 october 1789 birth place = Whitby , Yorkshire death date = 21 March 1857 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality = United Kingdom… …   Wikipedia

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