Schönerer, Georg, Ritter von

▪ Austrian politician
born July 17, 1842, Vienna, Austria
died Aug. 14, 1921, Rosenau bei Zwettl

      Austrian political extremist, founder of the Pan-German Party (1885). He was a virulent anti-Semite (anti-Semitism) and was perhaps the best-known spokesman for popular antidemocratic sentiments in the late empire.

      A left-wing Liberal when first elected to the Reichsrat (federal parliament) in 1873, Schönerer gradually developed what was to be his characteristic Prussophile, anti-Semitic position. He eventually acquired a strong personal following, especially among the Viennese lower middle class and the fraternities (Burschenschaften). His Pan-German Party languished after his imprisonment for an assault on a newspaper office (1888) but quickly revived following his reelection to parliament in 1897. Schönerer led the attacks upon the pro-Czech language ordinances of that year and was popularly credited with having driven the prime minister, Count Kasimir Badeni (Badeni, Kasimir Felix, Graf von), from office. He became closely associated with the anti-Catholic Los von Rom movement after 1898, though more for nationalistic than for religious reasons. As a national political figure, he reached the peak of his influence in 1901, when 21 Pan-Germans were returned to the Reichsrat; his violent temperament, however, so disrupted the party that by 1907 it had all but disappeared from Austrian parliamentary politics. This did not diminish his long-lasting ideological influence. Consequently, one of his most ardent followers was the young Adolf Hitler.

Additional Reading
Andrew Gladding Whiteside, The Socialism of Fools: Georg Ritter von Schönerer and Austrian Pan-Germanism (1975).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Georg Ritter von Schönerer — (July 17, 1842 August 14, 1921) was an Austrian politician active in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Born in Vienna as Georg Heinrich Schönerer, when his father (railroad pioneer Matthias Schönerer) was knighted in 1860 Georg too was entitled to… …   Wikipedia

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  • Georg Heinrich Ritter von Schönerer — Georg von Schönerer um 1890 Georg Heinrich Ritter von Schönerer (* 17. Juli 1842 in Wien; † 14. August 1921 auf Schloss Rosenau, Niederösterreich) war ein österreichischer Gutsherr und Politiker. Schönerer hatte von 1879 bis zur Jahrhundertwende… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Georg von Schönerer — um 1890 Georg Heinrich Ritter von Schönerer (* 17. Juli 1842 in Wien; † 14. August 1921 auf Schloss Rosenau, Niederösterreich) war ein österreichischer Gutsherr und Politiker. Schönerer hatte von 1879 bis zur Jahrhundertwend …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Georg — ist ein männlicher Vorname und ein Nachname. Zur weiblichen Form des Vornamens siehe Georgia, als Nachname ist zudem Georgi, Georgii, Georget oder Georgow gebräuchlich. In den Mundarten der Deutschschweiz, Bayerns und Teilen Österreichs wird… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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