Schlegel, Johann Elias

▪ German author and critic
born Jan. 17, 1719, Meissen, Saxony
died Aug. 13, 1749, Sorø, Den.

      German author and critic whose plays and criticism helped give the German theatre a much-needed new impetus.

      He was educated at the famous classical-humanist boarding school Schulpforta. After studying law in Leipzig, he became private secretary to the Saxon ambassador in Copenhagen in 1743 and from 1748 taught at the Sorø Academy. He was the uncle of August Wilhelm von Schlegel (Schlegel, August Wilhelm von) and Friedrich von Schlegel (Schlegel, Friedrich von).

      At a time when Shakespeare was virtually unknown to the German public, he showed his awareness of Shakespeare's genius in Vergleichung Shakespears und Andreas Gryphs (1741), a discussion of the relative merits of Shakespeare and the leading 17th-century German dramatist and poet. Schlegel developed a theory of literary appreciation that anticipated later developments in the field of aesthetics; he insisted that art aims at providing pleasure rather than instruction or moral uplift. His comedies Die Stumme Schönheit (1747) and Der Triumph der guten Frauen (1748) were praised later by G.E. Lessing (Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Johann Elias Schlegel — (* 17. Januar 1719 in Meißen; † 13. August 1749 in Sorø (Dänemark)) war ein deutscher Dichter, Jurist und Dichtungstheoretiker. Im Schulpforta ausgebildet, studierte Schlegel von 1739 bis 1742 in Leipzig Jura, wo er mit Johann Christoph Gottsched …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Elias Schlegel — (January 17, 1719 Meissen August 13, 1749), was a German critic and dramatic poet.He was educated at Schulpforta and at the University of Leipzig, where he studied law. In 1743 he became private secretary to his relative, von Spener, the Saxon… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Elias Schlegel — Johann Elias Schlegel, né le 17 janvier 1719 à Meissen, en Allemagne, mort le 13 août 1749 à Sorø, au Danemark, est un poète allemand. Biographie Il fait des études à l école de Pforta, puis à Leipzig, où il suit les cours de Gottsched, avec… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schlegel, August Wilhelm von — born Sept. 8, 1767, Hannover, Hanover died May 12, 1845, Bonn German scholar and critic. He worked as a tutor and wrote for Friedrich Schiller s short lived periodical Die Horen before cofounding with his brother Friedrich von Schlegel the… …   Universalium

  • Schlegel, Friedrich von — born March 10, 1772, Hannover, Hanover died Jan. 12, 1829, Dresden, Saxony German writer and critic. He contributed many of his projects and theories to journals such as Athenäum (1798–1800), the quarterly he and his brother August Wilhelm von… …   Universalium

  • Schlegel (Familienname) — Schlegel ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger eines fränkisches Adelsgeschlecht, siehe Schlegel (Münchberg) Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Adolf Schlegel — Johann Adolf Schlegel; Gemälde von G. W. Thielo. Johann Adolf Schlegel (* 17. September 1721 in Meißen; † 16. September 1793 in Hannover), war ein deutscher Dichter und evangelischer Geistlicher, Bruder des Johann Elias Schlegel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schlegel [3] — Schlegel, 1) Johann Elias, Dichter, geb. 17. Jan. 1719 in Meißen, gest. 13. Aug. 1749 in Soröe, besuchte die Klosterschule Pforta, studierte sodann in Leipzig die Rechte und hörte außerdem Vorlesungen bei Gottsched, mit dem er auch persönlich… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Johann Schlegel — ist der Name folgender Personen: Johann Adolf Schlegel (1721–1793), deutscher Dichter und Geistlicher Johann Elias Schlegel (1719–1749), deutscher Dichter Johann Joachim Schlegel (1821–1880), deutscher Bierbrauer Johann Rudolf Schlegel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Adolf Schlegel — (17 September 1721 ndash; 16 September 1793) was a German poet and clergyman. He was born in Meißen, Saxony, and was the brother of Johann Elias Schlegel. After finishing his studies in Leipzig, he became a deacon and teacher at Pforta in 1751.… …   Wikipedia

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