Schickele, René

▪ German writer

born Aug. 4, 1883, Oberehnheim, Alsace
died Jan. 31, 1940, Vence, Fr.
 German journalist, poet, novelist, and dramatist, whose personal experience of conflict between nations made his work an intense plea for peace and understanding.

      Schickele was active as a foreign correspondent, editor, and, from 1915 to 1919, as the publisher of the Weissen Blätter (“The White Papers”), which he had transferred from Berlin to Zürich and which he made the most effective mouthpiece of European anti-war sentiment during World War I.

      Peace and the resolution of cultural and political conflicts between France and Germany, which as an Alsatian he felt keenly, were the goals Schickele pursued throughout his life. Divided loyalty between Germany and France was already manifest in the theme and style of his first collection of poetry, Der Ritt ins Leben (1905; “The Ride into Life”), and in his first novel, Der Fremde (1907; “The Stranger”). This conflict was powerfully dramatized in Hans im Schnakenloch (1916; “Hans in the Gnat Hole”), in which the protagonist, Hans, must choose between Germany and France in time of war; torn within himself, he seeks death in the French Army, which he expects to be defeated. After having a considerable popular success, the drama was banned in Germany and condemned in France.

      In his best known work, the novel trilogy Das Erbe am Rhein (“The Inheritance on the Rhine”)—comprising Maria Capponi (1925), Blick auf die Vogesen (1927; Heart of Alsace), and Der Wolf in der Hürde (1931; “The Wolf in the Pen”)—Schickele suggests that the ideal meeting ground for the creation of the supernational European is the area between the Schwarzwald and the Vosges mountains, where French and German cultures meet and fuse. In 1932 Schickele fled Germany for France and became a French citizen.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schickele, Rene — (1883 1940)    writer and pacifist; he was the mainstay of an exile group in Switzerland during World War I. He was born in the Alsatian town of Oberehnheim (now Obernai); his German father owned a vine yard, and his mother was French. Referring… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Schickele, Rene —    см. Шикеле, Рене …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Rene Schickele — René Schickele René Schickele, né à Obernai (Bas Rhin) le 4 août 1883 et mort le 31 janvier 1940 à Vence (Alpes Maritimes), est un écrivain franco allemand, essayiste et traducteur. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Bibliographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • René Schickele — (* 4. August 1883 in Oberehnheim im Elsass; † 31. Januar 1940 in Vence, Alpes Maritimes) war ein deutsch französischer Schriftsteller, Essayist und Übersetzer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • René Schickele — Naissance 4 août 1883 Obernai,  Empire allemand Décès 31 janvier 1940 Vence, Alpes Maritimes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • René Schickele — René Schickélé (Obernai, Bajo Rin, 1883 Vence, Alpes Marítimos, 1940) escritor alsaciano en lengua alemana. Era hijo de un policía y propietario vinícola alemán y de una francesa. Estudió historia y literatura en Estrasburgo, Zuric, París y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Schickele — ist der Name folgender Personen: Peter Schickele (* 1935), US amerikanischer Komponist und Satiriker René Schickele (1883–1940), französischer Schriftsteller Siehe auch Schickel Diese Seite is …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • René-Schickele-Preis — Der René Schickele Preis ist ein deutsch französischer Literaturpreis, der nur einmal, im Jahr 1952, verliehen wurde. Namensgeber des Preises ist der elsässische pazifistische Autor der Zwischenkriegszeit, René Schickele. Preisrichter waren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schickele — Schịckele,   René, Pseudonym Sạscha, elsässischer Schriftsteller, * Oberehnheim 4. 8. 1883, ✝ Vence (Département Alpes Maritimes) 31. 1. 1940; gehörte mit O. Flake, mit dem er ab 1902 die Zeitschrift »Der Stürmer« (ab 1903 unter dem Titel »Der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Шикеле, Рене — (Schickele, Rene) (псевдоним Заша) (4.08.1883, Оберенхейм, Эльзас, 31.01.1940, Ване, Франция)    прозаик, поэт, драматург, публицист, писал преимущественно на немецком языке. Сын немца и француженки, Ш. вырос и сложился как писатель под… …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

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