Scelba, Mario

▪ Italian politician
born Sept. 5, 1901, Caltagirone, Sicily, Italy
died Oct. 29, 1991, Rome

      Italian lawyer and Christian Democrat politician who was premier, 1954–55.

      A graduate of the University of Rome, Scelba began his political career in the Popular Party. When this party was suppressed in 1923 for opposing the Fascists, Scelba retired to private life. In 1943 the party was reborn as the Christian Democrats (Italian Popular Party). Scelba was their chief counselor beginning in 1944.

      Elected to the Constitutional Assembly (1946), Scelba held a succession of cabinet posts. As premier (1954–55), Scelba tried to steer a middle course between left and right. He was one of the last influential Christian Democrats to oppose the inclusion of the leftist Socialists in government coalitions and was eventually dropped from Amintore Fanfani's cabinet for that reason (1962). As interior minister in the late 1940s and early '50s, Scelba was infamous for his hard line against the Communists and labour unions. He expelled ex-partisans from the police force and cracked down on leftist organizations and demonstrations, often through the use of excessive violence.

      An Italian statute defining and banning fascism in any of its phases is known as the Scelba Law.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Scelba, Mario — (1901–1991)    Born in the Sicilian province of Catania, Scelba was a militant in Catholic youth federations. For a time he was secretary to Luigi Sturzo and an early member of the Partito Popolare Italiano/Italian Popular Party (PPI), forerunner …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Mario Scelba — 34th Prime Minister of Italy In office February 10, 1954 – July 6, 1955 President Luigi Einaudi Preceded by Amintore …   Wikipedia

  • Scelba — Mario Scelba (* 5. September 1901 in Caltagirone; † 29. Oktober 1991 in Rom) war Ministerpräsident Italiens vom 10. Februar 1954 bis zum 22. Juni 1955 und Präsident des Europäischen Parlaments von 1969 bis 1971. Ausbildung Mario Scelba studierte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mario Scelba — (* 5. September 1901 in Caltagirone; † 29. Oktober 1991 in Rom) war Ministerpräsident Italiens vom 10. Februar 1954 bis zum 22. Juni 1955 und Präsident des Europäischen Parlaments von 1969 bis 1971. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ausbildung 2 Politik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mario Scelba — Mandats 47e président du Conseil italien 10 février 1954 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mario Scelba — (5 de septiembre de 1901 en Caltagirone, Sicilia 29 de octubre de 1991 en Roma, Italia) fue un político italiano que ocupó el cargo de primer ministro desde febrero de 1954 a julio de 1955. Fue Presidente del Parlamento Europeo desde 1969 a 1971 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mario Monti — Prime Minister of Italy Incumbent Assumed office 16 November 2011 President Giorgio Napolitano …   Wikipedia

  • Mario Monti — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Monti. Mario Monti …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Italian Minister of the Interior — This is a list of Italian Ministers of the Interior since 1861. Kingdom of Italy Minister Took office Left office Marco Minghetti March 17, 1861 September 1, 1861 Bettino Ricasoli September 1, 1861 March 3, 1862 Urbano Rattazzi March 3, 1862… …   Wikipedia

  • EU-Parlament — Europäisches Parlament Sitzung im Jahr 2006 im Plenarsaal in Straßburg Sitzverteilung siehe auch: Liste der Parlamentsmitglieder Fraktion …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.