Savery, Thomas

▪ British engineer and inventor
born c. 1650, , Shilstone, Devonshire, Eng.
died 1715, London

      English engineer and inventor who built the first steam engine.

      A military engineer by profession, Savery was drawn in the 1690s to the difficult problem of pumping water out of coal mines. Using principles adduced by the French physicist Denis Papin and others, Savery patented (1698) a machine consisting of a closed vessel filled with water into which steam under pressure was introduced, forcing the water to a higher level; when the water was expelled, a sprinkler condensed the steam, producing a vacuum capable of drawing up more water through a valve below. To make the effect as nearly continuous as possible, Savery assembled two containing vessels in the same apparatus. An energetic advertising campaign brought him customers, and he manufactured a number of his engines not only for pumping out mines but also for supplying water to large buildings. Savery's engine had many limitations, notably its weakness under high-pressure steam (above 8 to 10 atmospheres); a few years later, when Thomas Newcomen independently designed his atmospheric-pressure piston engine from another of Papin's ideas, Savery, who held patent primacy, joined him in its development. Savery also had other inventions to his credit, including an odometer to measure the distances traveled by ships.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Savery, Thomas — SUBJECT AREA: Mechanical, pneumatic and hydraulic engineering [br] b. c. 1650 probably Shilston, near Modbury, Devonshire, England d. c. 15 May 1715 London, England [br] English inventor of a partially successful steam driven pump for raising… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Thomas Savery — Thomas Savery. Thomas Savery (1650 1715) fue un mecánico e inventor inglés que desarrolló una máquina de vapor que en su época constituyó un gran avance en la industria minera. A finales del siglo XVII, las aguas subterráneas suponían un grave… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thomas Savery — Infobox Engineer |165px image size = caption = name = Thomas Savery nationality = English birth date = c. 1650 birth place = Modbury, Devon, England death date = 1715 death place = education = spouse = parents = children = discipline =… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Savery — Die Dampfpumpe von Thomas Savery …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Savery — (vers 1650 Shilstone, un manoir près de Modbury, Devon – 1715) est un mécanicien anglais, inventeur de différents procédés industriels lors de la Révolution financière britannique, puis constructeur de machines à vapeur. Il a travaillé pour la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas Newcomen — (* 26. Februar 1663 in Dartmouth; † 5. August 1729 in London) war ein englischer Erfinder. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Literatur 3 Einzelnachweise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Thomas Newcomen — est un mécanicien anglais, né le 24 février 1664 à Dartmouth (Devon, Angleterre), décédé le 5 août 1729. Principe de la machine à vapeur à balancier de Newcomen La région du Devon était riche en étain et de nombreuses mines y étaient exploitées.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Savery — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Roelant Savery (1576–1639), niederländischer Maler Thomas Savery (1650–1715), englischer Ingenieur und Erfinder Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Newcomen — (bautizado el 24 de febrero de 1664 5 de agosto de 1729), herrero e inventor, nació en Darthmouth, Devon, Inglaterra. Es frecuentemente citado como el padre de la revolución industrial como su primer innovador y empresario. En 1712 Newcomen, con… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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