Saussure, Horace Bénédict de

▪ Swiss physicist
born Feb. 17, 1740, Geneva, Switz.
died Jan. 22, 1799, Geneva

      Swiss physicist, geologist, and early Alpine explorer who developed an improved hygrometer to measure atmospheric humidity.

      Saussure became professor of physics and philosophy at the Academy of Geneva in 1762 and in 1766 developed what was probably the first electrometer, used to measure electric potential. The word geology was introduced into scientific nomenclature by Saussure with the publication of the first volume of his Voyages dans les Alpes (1779–96; “Travels in the Alps”), a work that contains the results of more than 30 years of geologic studies. In 1783 Saussure built the first hygrometer utilizing a human hair to measure humidity. He also performed early laboratory experiments on the origin of granite.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saussure , Horace Bénédict de — (1740–1799) Swiss physicist and geologist Saussure was the son of an agriculturist. He was educated at the university in his native city of Geneva, graduating in 1759, and became professor of physics and philosophy at the Geneva Academy (1762–86) …   Scientists

  • Saussure, Horace Bénédict de — ► (1740 99) Geólogo y físico suizo. La originalidad de sus clases pasaba por realizar una serie de cursos al aire libre, visitando con sus alumnos los lugares más interesantes desde el punto de vista de la historia natural. Perfeccionó e inventó… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SAUSSURE, HORACE BENEDICT DE —    geologist and physicist, born in Geneva; was the first to ascend Mont Blanc in the interest of science, and was distinguished for his researches in the same interest all over the Alps and on other mountain ranges; he invented or improved… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Horace-Benedict de Saussure — Horace Bénédict de Saussure Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saussure. Horace Bénédict de Saussure (né le 17 février 1740 à Conches, près de Genève, et mort le 22 janvier 1799 à Conches). Naturaliste et géologue suisse, cet… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Horace Bénédict de Saussure — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saussure. Horace Bénédict de Saussure (né le 17 février 1740 à Conches, près de Genève, et mort le 22 janvier 1799 à Conches). Naturaliste et géologue suisse, cet aristocrate genevois est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Horace Bénédict de Saussure — Horace Bénédict de Saussure. Horace Benedict de Saussure Monument in Chamonix. Horace Bénédict de Saussure (* 17. Februar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Horace-Bénédict de Saussure — Horace Benedict de Saussure Monument in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Horace-Bénédict de Saussure — Monumento en honor de Horace Bénédict de Saussure en compañía de su guía en Chamonix …   Wikipedia Español

  • Horace-Bénédict de Saussure — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saussure. Portrait d Horace Bénédict de Saussure Horace Bénédict de Saussure, né le 17 fév …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Horace-Bénédict de Saussure — NOTOC Horace Bénédict de Saussure (February 17, 1740 January 22, 1799) was a Swiss aristocrat, physicist and Alpine traveller, often considered the founder of alpinism. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horace Bénédict de Saussure] Life and work He… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.