Sand River and Bloemfontein conventions

▪ South African history
      (1852 and 1854, respectively), conventions between Great Britain and the Voortrekkers, or Afrikaners who made the Great Trek in South Africa; it guaranteed their right to govern themselves without the interference of Great Britain. These conventions reversed Sir Harry Smith's policy in 1848 of annexing the trekker republics in the interior of South Africa. Though the conventions contained clauses against slavery, they also cancelled previous British treaties with African chiefdoms and forbade the supply of arms and ammunition to Africans but not to Afrikaners, thus effectively shifting the balance of power on the Highveld in favour of whites. Despite its withdrawal from the interior until the 1870s, Britain retained a degree of control over the landlocked republics by dominating the coastline.

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Universalium. 2010.

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