San Gimignano

Italy
      town, west-central Toscana (Tuscany) regione (region), central Italy. It lies about 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Siena. Originally called “City of Silva,” it later took its name from the Bishop of Modena (d. 397), who liberated the town from a barbarian invasion. An independent republic in the Middle Ages, San Gimignano was dominated by two powerful, continually feuding families, the Ardinghelli (Guelf) and the Salvucci (Ghibelline). In 1352, its finances exhausted, the city placed itself under Florence.

      San Gimignano is rich in Gothic architecture and is one of the best-preserved Italian medieval towns, with city walls, gates, and 14 of its famous old towers remaining intact. These towers, characteristic of San Gimignano, once numbered 72; they were built by leading families vying with each other for prestige. Most of the towers fell because of insecure foundations. The town's most notable monuments are the Palazzo del Popolo (1288–1323), containing the civic museum and picture gallery; the Collegiata (the former cathedral, consecrated in 1148), decorated with numerous frescoes; and the church of Sant' Agostino (1280–98), containing frescoes by Benozzo Gozzoli depicting scenes from the life of St. Augustine. The historic town centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1990. San Gimignano is an important tourist centre and is noted for its wines. Pop. (2004 est.) mun., 7,283.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • San Gimignano — San Gimignano …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • San Gimignano — Vue des tours de San Gimignano Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • San Gimignano — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda San Gimignano Archivo:San Gimignano Stemma.png Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • San Gimignano —   [ dʒimi ɲaːno], Stadt in der Toskana, Provinz Siena, Italien, 332 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 7 100 Einwohner; Bibliothek; Fremdenverkehr.   Stadtbild:   Die Stadt zeigt eine von Geschlechtertürmen bestimmte Silhouette: Torre Chigi (1280); …   Universal-Lexikon

  • San Gimignano — (spr. dschiminjahno), Stadt in der ital. Prov. Siena, (1901) 9848 E., Kastell, alte Paläste (Palazzo Pubblico, Palazzo del Podestá), Dom, Kirche San Agostino (berühmte Fresken) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • San Gimignano — (spr. dschiminjāno), Stadt in der ital. Provinz und dem Kreise Siena, 332 m ü. M., hat alte Mauern, 13 gotische Türme, ehemalige Adelspaläste (einst über 50), einen Dom (Collegiata, aus dem 13. Jahrh., im 15. Jahrh. umgebaut), mit berühmten… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • San Gimignano — Infobox CityIT img coa = San Gimignano Stemma.png official name = Comune di San Gimignano region = Tuscany province = Siena (SI) elevation m = 324 area total km2 = 138 population as of = December 31, 2005 population total = 7105 name=San… …   Wikipedia

  • San Gimignano — Original name in latin San Gimignano Name in other language San Gimignano, State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 43.46924 latitude 11.04272 altitude 312 Population 7114 Date 2012 02 15 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • San Gimignano — geographical name commune central Italy NW of Siena …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • SAN GIMIGNANO —    An important medieval settlement in the Elsa Valley with probable Etruscan origins …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

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