▪ Syrian guerrilla organizationArabic“Thunderbolt”Syrian guerrilla force sponsored by the Syrian government with the purpose of promoting the interests of the Palestinian branch of the Syrian Baʿth Party. Al-Ṣāʿiqah was founded by the party in 1968 and has maintained a socialist ideology. Chosen from the Palestinians in the upper ranks of the Syrian army, members viewed al-Ṣāʿiqah as an alternative to the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and unsuccessfully challenged that group's supremacy before engaging in guarded cooperation with Fatah, the major group within the PLO. The chief of al-Ṣāʿiqah, Zuhayr Muḥsin (Muḥsin, Zuhayr), was a member of the PLO executive committee until his assassination in 1979. He was replaced by another Syrian protégé, ʿIsām al-Qāḍī. Al-Ṣāʿiqah opposed the Israeli-Palestinian peace process of the 1990s.
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Muḥsin, Zuhayr — ▪ Palestinian leader also spelled Zuheir Mohsen born 1936, Ṭulkarm, Palestine [West Bank] died July 26, 1979, Nice, France Palestinian nationalist who was a leader of the pro Syrian guerrilla organization al Ṣāʿiqah (Ṣāʿiqah, al ) and… … Universalium
Palestine Liberation Organization — an umbrella organization for several Arab groups dedicated to the recovery of Palestine from the state of Israel and the return of refugees from the area to their homeland through diplomatic, military, and terrorist means. Abbr.: PLO * * * ▪… … Universalium
Palestine — /pal euh stuyn / for 1, 2; /pal euh steen / for 3, n. 1. Also called Holy Land. Biblical name, Canaan. an ancient country in SW Asia, on the E coast of the Mediterranean. 2. a former British mandate (1923 48) comprising part of this country,… … Universalium