Rulfo, Juan

▪ Mexican writer
in full  Juan Perez Rulfo 
born May 16, 1918, Sayula, Mexico
died January 7, 1986, Mexico City

      Mexican writer who is considered one of the finest novelists and short-story creators in 20th-century Latin America, though his production—consisting essentially of two books—was very small. Because of the themes of his fiction, he is often seen as the last of the novelists of the Mexican Revolution. He had enormous impact on those Latin American authors, including Gabriel García Márquez (García Márquez, Gabriel), who practiced what has come to be known as “ magic realism,” but he did not theorize about it. Rulfo was an avowed follower of the American novelist William Faulkner (Faulkner, William).

      As a child growing up in the rural countryside, Rulfo witnessed the latter part (1926–29) of the violent Cristero rebellion in western Mexico. His family of prosperous landowners lost a considerable fortune. When they moved to Mexico City, Rulfo worked for a rubber company and as a film scriptwriter. Many of the short stories that were later published in El llano en llamas (1953; The Burning Plain) first appeared in the review Pan; they depict the violence of the rural environment and the moral stagnation of its people. In them Rulfo first used narrative techniques that later would be incorporated into the Latin American new novel, such as the use of stream of consciousness, flashbacks, and shifting points of view. Pedro Páramo (1955; Eng. trans. Pedro Páramo) examines the physical and moral disintegration of a laconic cacique (boss) and is set in a mythical hell on earth inhabited by the dead, who are haunted by their past transgressions.

      From 1933 to 1986 Rulfo lived in Mexico City. He became director of the editorial department of the National Institute for Indigenous Studies and advised young writers at the Centro Mexicano de Escritores (Centre for Mexican Authors).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rulfo, Juan — ► (1918 86) Escritor mexicano. Trató la vida regional en los cuentos de El llano en llamas (1953) y en la novela Pedro Páramo (1955). En 2000 se publicó Aire de las colinas, una recopilación de cartas a su mujer. En 1983 obtuvo el premio Príncipe …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rulfo — Rulfo, Juan …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Juan Rulfo — Nacimiento 16 de mayo de 1917 San Gabriel, Jalisco, México …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rulfo — Juan Rulfo (* 16. Mai 1917 in Sayula, Bundesstaat Jalisco; † 7. Januar 1986 in Mexiko Stadt) war ein mexikanischer Schriftsteller. Sein literarisches Werk umfasst nicht viel mehr als die Kurzgeschichtensammlung El Llano en Llamas (1953, dt: Der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juan Carlos Rulfo — Juan Carlos Rulfo. Juan Carlos Rulfo (Ciudad de México, 24 de enero de 1964), cineasta mexicano. Biografía Juan Nepomuceno Carlos Pérez Rulfo Aparicio, es hijo del escritor mexicano Juan Rulfo y de Clara Aparicio de Rulfo, cursó sus estudios en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Juan Rulfo — (Juan Nepomuceno Carlos Pérez Rulfo Vizcaíno) est un écrivain mexicain né à Sayula (ou Apulco) dans l État de Jalisco le 16 mai 1917 et mort à Mexico le 8 janvier 1986. C est aussi un photographe réputé. Juan Rulfo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rulfo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rulfo Juan Rulfo, destacado escritor mexicano. Juan Carlos Rulfo, cineasta mexicano, hijo del escritor Juan Rulfo. Premio Juan Rulfo, premio de cuento que otorga Radio Francia Internacional, no confundir con el que… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Juan Jose Arreola — Juan José Arreola Zúñiga (* 21. September 1918 in Ciudad Guzmán; † 3. Dezember 2001 in Guadalajara) war ein mexikanischer Schriftsteller, der vor allem durch sein Werk Confabulario (1952) Berühmtheit erlangte. Juan José Arreola studierte seit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juan José Arreola — Zúñiga (Zapotlán el Grande hoy Ciudad Guzmán , Jalisco; 21 de septiembre de 1918 Guadalajara, Jalisco; 3 de diciembre de 2001) fue un escritor, académico y editor mexicano. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Obras …   Wikipedia Español

  • Juan — ► sustantivo masculino 1 coloquial En la expresión don juan, se usa para designar al hombre audaz y mujeriego. SINÓNIMO tenorio 2 coloquial Se utiliza para señalar a un hombre de poco carácter, que se deja conducir por otros, especialmente, por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.