Ruffo, Fabrizio

▪ Italian cardinal and politician
born Sept. 16, 1744, San Lucido, Calabria, Kingdom of Naples
died Dec. 13, 1827, Naples

      Roman Catholic cardinal and politician who was royal vicar of the Neapolitan kingdom (1799) and led a royalist-popular counterrevolution against the French under Napoleon.

      The son of Litterio Ruffo, duke of Baranello, Ruffo was placed by Pope Pius VI among the chierici di camera—the clerks who formed the papal civil and financial service. He was later promoted to be treasurer general, a post that carried with it the ministry of war. In 1791 he was removed from the treasurership but was created cardinal on September 29 though he was not in orders. He never became a priest.

      Ruffo went to Naples, and when in December 1798 the French troops advanced on Naples, he accompanied the royal family to Palermo. He was chosen to head a royalist movement in Calabria, where his family exercised large feudal powers. He was named vicar-general on Jan. 25, 1799. On February 8, he landed at La Cortona with a small following and began to raise the so-called “Army of the Faith” in association with Fra Diavolo (Diavolo, Fra).

      Ruffo had no difficulty in upsetting the republican government established by the French and by June had advanced to Naples. But he lost favour with King Ferdinand IV by showing a tendency to spare the republicans. He resigned his vicar-generalship, and during the second French conquest and the reigns of Joseph Bonaparte and Joachim Murat he lived quietly in Naples. During the revolutionary troubles of 1822 he was consulted by the King and was even in office for a very short time as a “loyalist” minister.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fabrizio Ruffo — Fabrizio Dionigi Ruffo (* 16. September 1744 in San Lucido bei Neapel; † 13. Dezember 1827 in Neapel) war ein Kardinal der katholischen Kirche. Leben Kardinal Fabrizio Ruffo Papst Pius VI …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ruffo — Ruffo, Fabrizio, Kardinal, geb. 16. Dez. 1744 in Sta. Lucida (Kalabrien), seit 1794 Kardinal, Urheber des Aufstandes in Kalabrien 1799, der die Parthenopeische Republik stürzte, gest. als Staatsrat 13. Dez. 1827 zu Neapel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fabrizio Dionigi Ruffo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fabrizio Ruffo. Fabrizio Dionigi Ruffo Biographie Naissance 16  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fabrizio Ruffo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fabrizio Dionigi Ruffo et Ruffo. Fabrizio Ruffo, prince de Castelcicala (Naples,1763 1832) fut un homme d État napolitain. Biographie Né à Naples, il s attacha au ministre napolitain Acton, qui l envoya en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fabrizio Ruffo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fabrizio Ruffo (* San Lucido en Calabria, 16 de septiembre de 1744 † Nápoles, 13 de diciembre de 1827) fue un cardenal y político italiano. Biografía Fabrizi …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fabrizio Dionigi Ruffo — (* 16. September 1744 in San Lucido bei Neapel; † 13. Dezember 1827 in Neapel) war ein Kardinal der katholischen Kirche. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Literatur 3 Einzelnachweise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fabrizio Ruffo — (September 16, 1744 December 13, 1827) was an Italian cardinal and politician, who led the popular anti republican Sanfedismo movement (whose members were known as the Sanfedisti ).BiographyRuffo was born at San Lucido in Calabria, then part of… …   Wikipedia

  • Ruffo — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bruno Ruffo (1920–2007), italienischer Motorradrennfahrer Ernesto Ruffo Appel (* 1952), mexikanischer Politiker und Gouverneur Fabrizio Dionigi Ruffo (1744–1827), italienischer Kardinal Fulco Ruffo di… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fabrizio — is an Italian first name and surname, and may refer to:* Fabrizio Barbazza (born 1963), an Italian former Formula One driver * Fabrizio De André (1940–1999), an Italian singer songwriter * Fabrizio Giovanardi (born 1966), an Italian racing driver …   Wikipedia

  • Ruffo — Ruffo, 1) Fabrizio, Kardinal, geb. 16. Sept. 1744 in Neapel, gest. 13. Dez. 1827, stammte aus der herzoglichen Familie Baranello, widmete sich dem geistlichen Stand und wurde 1794 zum Kardinal ernannt. Später trat er in neapolitanische Dienste.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.