rubble masonry

also called  rubblework 

      the use of undressed, rough stone, generally in the construction of walls (wall). Dry-stone random rubble walls, for which rough stones are piled up without mortar, are the most basic form. An intermediate method is coursed rubble walling, for which stones are roughly dressed and laid in courses. Snecked rubble features stones of varying sizes with small fillers or snecks between them.

      The primary reason for the use of rubble in masonry is the relative difficulty of dressing most types of stone. Rubblework was preferred where the surface either would be faced with ashlar (dressed stone), or otherwise hidden, as in a foundation, or where the builder wanted or was indifferent to the rough effect.

      Rubblework bound with mortar was often used as an infilling between dressed wall faces. Used in this way it does not contribute significantly to the wall's strength and may even detract from it if the mortar is poorly prepared, leached out by moisture, or otherwise unsuitable. Nevertheless, many medieval cathedrals were built in this manner. Rubblework in walls was superseded even in ancient times by brick when available and in modern construction by reinforced concrete.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rubble masonry — or cut stone.Coursed rubble is wall construction with the stones roughly dressed and set in deep, approximate courses.Speckled rubble is a rubble wall with small pieces of stone sometimes called snecks filling the irregular spaces between the… …   Wikipedia

  • rubble masonry — noun : masonry composed of unsquared stone …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rubble — Rub ble, n. [From an assumed Old French dim. of robe See {Rubbish}.] 1. Water worn or rough broken stones; broken bricks, etc., used in coarse masonry, or to fill up between the facing courses of walls. [1913 Webster] Inside [the wall] there was… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Masonry — This article refers to the building structure component; for the fraternal organization, see Freemasonry. A mason laying mortar on top of a finished course of blocks, prior to placing the next course. Masonry is the building of structures from… …   Wikipedia

  • rubble — [rub′əl] n. [ME robel; akin to RUBBISH, RUB] 1. rough, irregular, loose fragments of rock, broken from larger bodies either by natural processes or artificially, as by blasting 2. masonry made of rubble; rubblework 3. debris from buildings, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Rubble — For other uses, see Rubble (disambiguation). Rubble is broken stone, of irregular size, shape and texture. This word is closely connected in derivation with rubbish , which was formerly also applied to what we now call rubble . Rubble naturally… …   Wikipedia

  • rubble — /rub euhl/ or, for 3, 4, /rooh beuhl/, n. 1. broken bits and pieces of anything, as that which is demolished: Bombing reduced the town to rubble. 2. any solid substance, as ice, in irregularly broken pieces. 3. rough fragments of broken stone,… …   Universalium

  • rubble — I. noun Etymology: Middle English robyl Date: 14th century 1. a. broken fragments (as of rock) resulting from the decay or destruction of a building < fortifications knocked into rubble C. S. Forester > b. a miscellaneous confused mass or group… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • rubble — rub•ble [[t]ˈrʌb əl[/t]] or, for 3,4, [[t]ˈru bəl[/t]] n. 1) broken bits and pieces of anything, as that which is demolished: Bombing reduced the town to rubble[/ex] 2) gel bui rough fragments of broken stone, formed by geological processes, in… …   From formal English to slang

  • masonry — n 1. bricklaying, brickmasonry, stone masonry, tiling. 2. stonework, brickwork, rubblework, rubble …   A Note on the Style of the synonym finder

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