Roxburghshire

▪ former county, Scotland, United Kingdom
also called  Roxburgh 

      historic county, southeastern Scotland, along the English border. It covers an area stretching from the valleys of the Rivers Tweed and Teviot in the north to the Cheviot Hills in the southeast and the valley known as Liddesdale in the southwest. Roxburghshire lies entirely within the Scottish Borders council area.

      Numerous archaeological remains in the area include prehistoric hill forts in the valleys and later Roman camps, forts, and signal stations, as well as Dere Street, the Roman road running north from England. After the Roman withdrawal from Great Britain in the 5th century AD, Roxburghshire formed part of the Celtic British kingdom of Strathclyde. The Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria then held the region for four centuries until it was ceded to Scotland in 1018. David I designated Roxburghshire a shire. In the 13th century the ancient county town (seat) of Roxburgh was a member of the Court of the Four Burghs. The town was abandoned when the castle was destroyed and James II of Scotland killed in 1460; it was superseded by Kelso. Other towns in the locality were repeatedly burned during border warfare between the Scots and English, and the abbeys of Jedburgh, Kelso, and Melrose were ruined in 1544–45. Abbotsford, near Melrose, was the last home of the 19th-century novelist Sir Walter Scott (Scott, Sir Walter, 1st Baronet), and the surrounding area is known as the “Scott country.” During the 18th and 19th centuries woolen textile manufacture expanded the county's economy, which had traditionally rested on livestock raising.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Roxburghshire — (spr. róxböroschīr) Grafschaft im südöstlichen Schottland, grenzt im S. und O. an England, im N. an Berwickshire und Edinburgshire, im W. an Selkirkshire und Dumfriesshire, umfaßt die Landschaften Teviotdale und Liddesdale nebst einem Teil von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Roxburghshire —    ROXBURGHSHIRE, an inland county, in the south of Scotland, bounded on the north by Berwickshire, on the east by Berwickshire and the English county of Northumberland, on the south by Dumfries shire and the counties of Cumberland and… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Roxburghshire — Teviotdale redirects here. For other uses, see Teviotdale (disambiguation). For the county in New South Wales, see Roxburgh County. Roxburgh   County (until circa 1890)   …   Wikipedia

  • Roxburghshire — (Aussprache: [ˈrɒksbrəʃə]; Gälisch: Siorrachd Rosbroig) ist eine traditionelle Grafschaft in Schottland. Im Westen grenzt sie an Dumfriesshire, im Nordwesten an Selkirkshire und im Norden an Berwickshire. Im Südosten Roxburghshires liegen die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roxburghshire — 55°30′N 2°30′W / 55.5, 2.5 Roxburghshire (Siorrachd Rosbroig en gaélique écossais) était un comté d …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roxburghshire — geographical name see Roxburgh …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • ROXBURGHSHIRE —    (54), in Border pastoral county of Scotland, between Berwick (NE.) and Dumfries (SW.); the Cheviots form its southern boundary; lies almost wholly within the basin of the Tweed, which winds along its northern border, receiving the Teviot, Jed …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • roxburghshire — rox·burgh·shire …   English syllables

  • Roxburghshire — /ˈrɒksbərəʃɪə/ (say roksbuhruhshear), / ʃə/ (say shuh) noun a former county in south eastern Scotland, now part of Scottish Borders. Also, Roxburgh …   Australian English dictionary

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