Ross, Sir John

▪ British explorer
born June 24, 1777, Balsarroch, Wigtownshire, Scot.
died Aug. 30, 1856, London, Eng.

      British naval officer whose second Arctic expedition in search of the Northwest Passage, the North American waterway linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, located the north magnetic pole.

      On his second expedition, to what is now Canada's Northwest Territories (1829–33), Ross discovered and surveyed Boothia Peninsula, King William Island, and the Gulf of Boothia. During a sledge journey in 1831, his nephew James Clark Ross located the magnetic pole. The following year the party's ship was crushed in the ice. John Ross and his men were rescued by a whaler in the summer of 1833 and returned to England. In 1834 he was knighted. After serving as British consul at Stockholm from 1839 to 1846, in 1850 he undertook a third and unsuccessful voyage to the North American Arctic to find the lost explorer Sir John Franklin. Knighted in 1834, he became a rear admiral in 1851. He published a number of works, including Narrative of a Second Voyage in Search of a North-West Passage (1835).

Additional Reading
Ernest S. Dodge, The Polar Rosses (1973); M.J. Ross, Polar Pioneers: John Ross and James Clark Ross (1994).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ross,Sir John — Ross, Sir John. 1777 1856. British naval officer and Arctic explorer whose expeditions (1818 and 1829 1833) in search of the Northwest Passage yielded several geographic discoveries. * * * …   Universalium

  • ROSS, SIR JOHN —    Arctic explorer, born in Wigtownshire; made three voyages, the first in 1811 under Parry; the second in 1829, which he commanded; and a third in 1850, in an unsuccessful search for Franklin, publishing on his return from them accounts of the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Sir John Barrow, 1st Baronet — Sir John Barrow, 1st Baronet, FRS , FRGS , LL.D (June 19, 1764 ndash; November 23, 1848) was an English statesman.He was born in the hamlet of Dragley Beck in the parish of Ulverston in Lancashire. He started in life as superintending clerk of an …   Wikipedia

  • Sir John Gladstone, 1st Baronet — (11 December 1764 ndash; 7 December 1851), was a Scottish merchant, Member of Parliament, and the father of the British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone. Early life Born in Leith, in Midlothian, Scotland, John Gladstones was the eldest son… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir John Stirling — Sir John Stirling, KT, MBE, TD (16 September 1893 – 21 March 1975) was a Scottish soldier and politician.The eldest son of William Stirling of Fairburn, he was educated at Harrow School and at Magdalen College, Oxford. He served with the Lovat… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir John Munro, 4th Baronet — of Foulis (d. c. September 1697), 22nd Baron and 25th chief of the Clan Munro, was such a strenuous supporter of Presbyterianism, that, being of a large frame, he was known as the Presbyterian mortar piece. [… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir John Dick-Lauder, 11th Baronet — Sir John North Dalrymple Dick Lauder of Fountainhall, 11th Baronet, born 22 July 1883 at Sultanpur Lodhi, and baptised at Christ Church, Mussoorie, India. He died 19 September 1958 at White House, Nigg, Ross and Cromarty, Scotland, only child of… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir John Mills — John Mills Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mills. Sir John Mills était un acteur britannique, né Lewis Ernest Watts Mills à North Elmham (Norfolk) le 22 février 1908, décédé à Denham  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sir John Macpherson, 1st Baronet — John Macpherson, 1st Baronet (ca. 1745 ndash; 12 January 1821), from Sleat, Isle of Skye, Scotland, was a Scottish administrator in India. He was the acting Governor General of India from 1785 to 1786.Macpherson was born in 1745 at Sleat in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir John William Fisher — (1788–1876), British surgeon.Fisher, son of Peter Fisher of Perth, by Mary, daughter of James Kennay of York, was born in London 30 Jan. 1788, and apprenticed to John Andrews, a surgeon enjoying a large practice.After studying at St. George s and …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.