Ross, Sir James Clark

▪ British explorer
born April 15, 1800, London, Eng.
died April 3, 1862, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire
 British naval officer who carried out important magnetic surveys in the Arctic and Antarctic and discovered the Ross Sea and the Victoria Land region of Antarctica.

 Between 1819 and 1827 Ross accompanied Sir William E. Parry's Arctic voyages. On the second Arctic expedition of his uncle, Sir John Ross, he located the north magnetic pole on June 1, 1831. His own Antarctic expedition of 1839–43 was undertaken to conduct magnetic observations and to reach the south magnetic pole. Commanding the Erebus and Terror, he discovered the Ross Sea in 1841 and, while sailing toward the position assigned to the magnetic pole, also discovered Victoria Land. He wintered at Hobart, Tasmania, and in November 1841 sailed again for Antarctica. He charted part of the coast of Graham Land and sailed around the Weddell Sea ice. Knighted following his return to England (1843), he published A Voyage of Discovery and Research in the Southern and Antarctic Regions (1847).
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ross,Sir James Clark — Ross, Sir James Clark. 1800 1862. British polar explorer who located the north magnetic pole (1831). On an Antarctic expedition (1839 1843) he discovered Victoria Land and the Ross Sea. * * * …   Universalium

  • Sir James Clark Ross — noun British explorer of the Arctic and Antarctic; located the north magnetic pole in 1831; discovered the Ross Sea in Antarctica; nephew of Sir John Ross (1800 1862) • Syn: ↑Ross, ↑James Clark Ross • Instance Hypernyms: ↑explorer, ↑adventurer …   Useful english dictionary

  • James Clark Ross — Almirante Sir James Clark Ross Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • James Clark Ross — noun British explorer of the Arctic and Antarctic; located the north magnetic pole in 1831; discovered the Ross Sea in Antarctica; nephew of Sir John Ross (1800 1862) • Syn: ↑Ross, ↑Sir James Clark Ross • Instance Hypernyms: ↑explorer,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • James Clark Ross — Sir James Clark Ross, von John R. Wildman, 1833–34, National Maritime Museum, London Sir James Clark Ross (* 15. April 1800 in London; † 3. April 1862 bei Aylesbury) war ein englischer Entdecker und Seefahrer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Clark Ross —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec John Ross (explorateur). Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ross. James Clark Ross …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Clark Ross — Infobox Person name = James Clark Ross image size = 150px caption = Sir James Clark Ross beside him is a dip circle designed by Robert Were Fox, and used by Ross to discover the magnetic south pole. birth name = birth date = April 15, 1800 birth… …   Wikipedia

  • Ross, Sir John — ▪ British explorer born June 24, 1777, Balsarroch, Wigtownshire, Scot. died Aug. 30, 1856, London, Eng.       British naval officer whose second Arctic expedition in search of the Northwest Passage, the North American waterway linking the… …   Universalium

  • Ross Sea — [after ROSS Sir James Clark, who discovered it] arm of the Pacific, along the coast of Antarctica, east of Victoria Land …   English World dictionary

  • Ross — noun 1. American seamstress said to have made the first American flag at the request of George Washington (1752 1836) • Syn: ↑Betsy Ross, ↑Betsy Griscom Ross • Instance Hypernyms: ↑dressmaker, ↑modiste, ↑needlewoman, ↑seamstress, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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