Robinson, Joan

▪ British economist
in full  Joan Violet Robinson née Maurice
born October 31, 1903, Camberley, Surrey, England
died August 5, 1983, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire

      British economist and academic who contributed to the development and furtherance of Keynesian (Keynesian economics) economic theory.

      Joan Maurice studied at the University of Cambridge, earning a degree in economics in 1925. In 1926 she married Austin Robinson, another Cambridge economist. She taught at Cambridge from 1931 to 1971, becoming a full professor in 1965. In 1979 she became the first woman to be made an honorary fellow of King's College. Although she never won the Nobel Prize for Economics, economists across the political spectrum thought she deserved that level of recognition.

      Robinson established her reputation in 1933 with the publication of The Economics of Imperfect Competition (2nd ed., 1969), in which she analyzed distribution (distribution theory), allocation (allocation of resources), and the concept of exploitation.

      During the 1930s Robinson participated in the Cambridge debates that helped promote the economic theories of John Maynard Keynes (Keynes, John Maynard), who maintained a presence at the university after serving in the government. In addition to teaching Keynesian theory, Robinson wrote several books, study guides, and pamphlets designed to introduce economic theory to the nonspecialist. In the early 1940s, however, she began to push the Keynesian model beyond its theoretical framework, introducing aspects of Marxist (Marxism) economics in books such as An Essay on Marxian Economics (1942; 2nd ed., 1966) and Marx, Marshall, and Keynes (1955). As Robinson aged, her left-wing sympathies grew, and ultimately she became an admirer of Mao Tse-Tung's China and Kim Il Sung's North Korea.

      Robinson made several trips to China, reporting her observations and analyses in China: An Economic Perspective (1958), The Cultural Revolution in China (1969), and Economic Management in China (1975; 3rd ed., 1976). Among the best known of her many books are The Accumulation of Capital (1956; 3rd ed., 1969), Economic Philosophy (1963), and Introduction to Modern Economics (1973). The five volumes of her Collected Economic Papers (1951–79) were reprinted in 1980.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Robinson, Joan (Violet) — orig. Joan (Violet) Maurice born Oct. 31, 1903, Camberley, Surrey, Eng. died Aug. 5, 1983, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire British economist. A professor at the University of Cambridge (1931–71), she helped develop Keynesian theory, establishing her… …   Universalium

  • Robinson, Joan (Violet) — orig. Joan (Violet) Maurice (31 oct. 1903, Camberley, Surrey, Inglaterra–5 ago. 1983, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire). Economista británica. Profesora en la Universidad de Cambridge (1931–71). Colaboró en el desarrollo de la teoría keynesiana. Alcanzó …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joan Robinson — Infobox Economist school tradition = Post Keynesian economics color = #B0C4DE image caption = name = Joan Robinson birth = birth date|1903|10|31 death = death date and age|1983|8|5|1903|10|31 nationality = flag|Great Britain field = Monetary… …   Wikipedia

  • Joan Robinson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Robinson. Joan Violet Robinson (1903 1983) est une économiste britannique. Elle est l une des figures importantes de l École de Cambridge et du keynésianisme. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joan — /john/, n. 1. ( Fair Maid of Kent ) 1328 85, wife of Edward, the Black Prince, and mother of Richard II. 2. a fictitious female pope about A.D. 855 858. 3. a female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Betty Joan Perske Baez Joan Chandos… …   Universalium

  • Robinson — (De Robinsón Crusoe, protagonista de una novela de Daniel Defoe.) ► sustantivo masculino Persona solitaria capaz de valerse y bastarse por sí misma: ■ sus viajes y aventuras le han convertido en un robinsón . * * * robinsón (por alusión a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robinson — /rob in seuhn/, n. 1. Bill ( Bojangles ), 1878 1949, U.S. tap dancer. 2. Boardman /bawrd meuhn, bohrd /, 1876 1952, U.S. painter and illustrator, born in Nova Scotia. 3. Edward G. (Emanuel Goldenberg), 1893 1973, U.S. actor, born in Rumania. 4.… …   Universalium

  • Joan — (as used in expressions) Betty Joan Perske Baez, Joan (Chandos) Crawford, Joan Didion, Joan Miró, Joan Roberta Joan Anderson Robinson, Joan (Violet) Joan (Violet) Maurice Barbara Joan Streisand Sutherland, Dame Joan Tower, Joan …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ROBINSON (J. V.) — Joan Violet ROBINSON 1903 1983 Les années de l’entre deux guerres ont pu être qualifiées d’années de la haute théorie, tant cette période de stagnation et de crise a été cruciale pour le renouvellement de la pensée économique dans tous les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Joan Robinson — Joan Violet Robinson (* 31. Oktober 1903 in Surrey, England; † 10. August 1983 in Cambridge) war eine britische Ökonomin, die mit ihrer Erweiterung der Theorie von John Maynard Keynes die postkeynesianische Rekonstruktion der Politischen Ökonomie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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