Rivers, W H R

▪ British anthropologist
born March 12, 1864, Luton, near Chatham, Kent, Eng.
died June 4, 1922, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire

      English medical psychologist and anthropologist known principally for The Todas (1906), a model of precise documentation of a people, and the important History of Melanesian Society, 2 vol. (1914).

      After training as a physician, Rivers conducted research on problems of physiological psychology. In 1897 he became director of Britain's first experimental psychology laboratory (University of London), and in the same year he was appointed lecturer at the University of Cambridge, where he was pivotal in instituting the study of experimental psychology. In 1898 he joined the Cambridge expedition to the Torres Strait (between New Guinea and Australia), administered tests of sensory functions to Melanesians, and became keenly interested in anthropological fieldwork. He became a fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1902. Shortly afterward he made a firsthand study of the Toda people of southern India and later paid several visits to Melanesia. His ideas on kinship terminology were advanced in Kinship and Social Organisation (1914). Rivers devoted the rest of his life to medical psychology. His Instinct and the Unconscious (1920) did much to encourage a sympathetic British attitude toward psychoanalytic theory.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Rivers — /riv euhrz/, n. 1. Larry (Yitzroch Loiza Grossberg), born 1923, U.S. painter. 2. William Halse /hawls/, 1865 1922, English physiologist and anthropologist. * * * ▪ state, Nigeria       state, southern Nigeria, comprising the Niger River delta on… …   Universalium

  • Rivers — I Rivers   [ rɪvəz], Bundesstaat von Nigeria. II Rivers   [ rɪvəz],    1) Larry, amerikanischer Maler, * New York 17. 8. 1923; war zunächst Jazzmusiker und studierte 1947/48 Malerei in New York bei H. Hofmann …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rivers — This famous aristocratic surname appears to be the archetypal English name, but is in fact French! It derives from the village of La Riviere in Calvados, Normandy, the original nameholders being companions of William, Duke of Normandy, in his… …   Surnames reference

  • rivers — Some streams (wadis) which are dry in summer are incorrectly called rivers (Deut. 2:37). They are violent in winter and their torrents are used as an illustration of the power of enemies (Ps. 124:4). Genuine rivers are mentioned in the Bible: the …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Rivers — Original name in latin Rivers Name in other language YYI State code CA Continent/City America/Winnipeg longitude 50.03081 latitude 100.24029 altitude 478 Population 1165 Date 2008 04 11 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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