Rattazzi, Urbano

▪ Italian lawyer and statesman
born June 20, 1808, Alessandria, Kingdom of Italy
died June 5, 1873, Frosinone, Italy

      Piedmontese lawyer and statesman who held many important cabinet positions in the early years of the Italian Republic, including that of prime minister; his ambiguous policies brought him into conflict with the Italian hero Giuseppe Garibaldi (Garibaldi, Giuseppe) and ultimately caused his downfall.

      In 1848 Rattazzi was elected deputy to the Sardinian Parliament. For the next decade he held various ministerial positions and became associated with the brilliant premier Count Cavour. Violently anticlerical and considered devoid of principle, Rattazzi nevertheless became premier after Cavour's death. At this time Garibaldi offered to capture Rome, then occupied by the French. Rattazzi at first sanctioned this venture and then changed his mind and sent troops to intercept Garibaldi, who was wounded in the ensuing Battle of Aspromonte (1862). Public opinion condemning this action forced Rattazzi's resignation.

      In 1867 Rattazzi was again asked to be premier, and again Garibaldi marched on Rome, with Rattazzi's tacit consent. Rattazzi once more changed his mind, and he ordered Garibaldi arrested. Faced with the choice of arresting Garibaldi's volunteers or invading Rome himself, Rattazzi resigned.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Rattazzi — Urbano Rattazzi Urbano Rattazzi (* 20. Juni 1808 in Alessandria; † 5. Juni 1873 in Frosinone) war ein italienischer Politiker. Rattazzi war nach den Studium der Rechtswissenschaft in Turin, praktizierte er für kurze Zeit als Rechtsanwalt in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Urbano Rattazzi — (* 20. Juni 1808 in Alessandria; † 5. Juni 1873 in Frosinone) war ein italienischer Politiker. Rattazzi war nach den Studium der Rechtswissenschaft in Turin, praktizierte er für kurze Zeit als Rechtsanwalt in Casale Monferrato, 1848 wandte er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rattazzi — is a surname, and may refer to the following people:* Steven Rattazzi, American actor * Susanna Rattazzi (1922 ndash; ), Italian politician (also known as the Countess Rattazzi) * Urbano Rattazzi (1808 ndash;1873), Italian statesmansurname …   Wikipedia

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  • Rattazzi — Rattazzi, 1) Urbano, ital. Staatsmann, geb. 29. Juni 1810 in Alessandria, gest. 5. Juni 1873 in Frosinone, studierte in Turin die Rechte und ward Advokat zu Casale. 1848 in die Zweite Kammer gewählt, schloß er sich der Linken an und ward, nachdem …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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