Randolph, A. Philip

▪ American civil-rights activist
in full  Asa Philip Randolph  
born April 15, 1889, Crescent City, Fla., U.S.
died May 16, 1979, New York, N.Y.
 trade (organized labour) unionist and civil-rights (civil rights movement) leader who was a dedicated and persistent leader in the struggle for justice and parity for the black American community.

      The son of a Methodist minister, Randolph moved to the Harlem district of New York City in 1911. He attended City College at night and, with Chandler Owen, founded (1912) an employment agency, attempting, through it, to organize black workers. In 1917, following the entry of the United States in World War I, the two men founded a magazine, The Messenger (after 1929, Black Worker), that called for more positions in the war industry and the armed forces for blacks. After the war, Randolph lectured at New York's Rand School of Social Science and ran unsuccessfully for offices on the Socialist Party ticket.

      In 1925, as founding president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, Randolph began organizing that group of black workers and, at a time when half the affiliates of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) barred blacks from membership, took his union into the AFL. Despite opposition, he built the first successful black trade union; the brotherhood won its first major contract with the Pullman Company in 1937. The following year, Randolph removed his union from the AFL in protest against its failure to fight discrimination in its ranks and took the brotherhood into the newly formed Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). He then returned to the question of black employment in the federal government and in industries with federal contracts. He warned President Franklin D. Roosevelt (Roosevelt, Franklin D.) that he would lead thousands of blacks in a protest march on Washington, D.C.; Roosevelt, on June 25, 1941, issued Executive Order 8802, barring discrimination in defense industries and federal bureaus and creating the Fair Employment Practices Committee. After World War II, Randolph founded the League for Nonviolent Civil Disobedience Against Military Segregation, resulting in the issue by President Harry S. Truman on July 26, 1948, of Executive Order 9981, banning segregation in the armed forces.

      When the AFL merged with the CIO in 1955, Randolph was made a vice president and member of the executive council of the combined organization. He was the first president (1960–66) of the Negro American Labor Council, formed by Randolph and others to fight discrimination within the AFL-CIO.

      In an echo of his activities of 1941, Randolph was a director of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, which brought more than 200,000 persons to the capital on Aug. 28, 1963, to demonstrate support for civil-rights policies for blacks. Two years later, he formed the A. Philip Randolph Institute for community leaders to study the causes of poverty. Suffering chronic illness, he resigned his presidency of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters in 1968 and retired from public life.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Randolph, A. Philip — (1889 1979)    A. Philip Randolph was born in Florida and attended the Cookman Institute. In 1911, he moved to New York City and took courses at City College. Together with Chandler Owen, Randolph opened an employment office in Harlem to try to… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Philip Randolph — Asa Philip Randolph Pour les articles homonymes, voir Randolph. Asa Philip Randolph (15 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Randolph — /ran dolf, deuhlf/, n. 1. A(sa) Philip, 1889 1979, U.S. labor leader: president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters 1925 68. 2. Edmund Jennings /jen ings/, 1753 1813, U.S. statesman: first U.S. Attorney General 1789 94; Secretary of State… …   Universalium

  • Philip — /fil ip/, n. 1. one of the 12 apostles. Mark 3:18; John 1:43 48; 6:5 7. 2. one of the leaders of the Christian Hellenists in the early church in Jerusalem who afterwards became an evangelist and missionary. Acts 6; 8:26 40. 3. King (Metacomet),… …   Universalium

  • Philip W. McKinney — Philip Watkins McKinney (* 17. März 1832 in New Store, Buckingham County, Virginia; † 1. März 1899) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1890 bis 1894 Gouverneur des Bundesstaates Virginia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Randolph — is an old English name meaning Shieldwolf . Shortened names include Randy, Ralph (name).Randolph may refer to:Places in the United States*Randolph, Arizona *Randolph, Iowa *Randolph, Kansas *Randolph, Maine *Randolph, Massachusetts *Randolph,… …   Wikipedia

  • Randolph — ist der Name folgender Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten Randolph (Alabama) Randolph (Iowa) Randolph (Kansas) Randolph (Maine) Randolph (Massachusetts) Randolph (Minnesota) Randolph (Missouri) Randolph (Nebraska) Randolph (New Hampshire) Randolph… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philip Massinger — Philip Massinger, copper engraving portrait by Charles Grignion Philip Massinger (1583 – 17 March 1640) was an English dramatist. His finely plotted plays, including A New Way to Pay Old Debts, The City Madam and The Roman Actor, are noted for… …   Wikipedia

  • Philip Massinger — Philip Massinger, spr. mässindscher, (* 1583 oder 24. November 1584 in Wilton oder Salisbury, Wiltshire; † 17. März 1638 in London) war ein englischer Dramatiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philip E. Orbanes — Philip Phil E. Orbanes (* in Somers Point,[1] New Jersey) ist ein US amerikanischer Spieleautor, Spieleverleger und Monopoly Experte. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ludografie 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.