Rákosi, Mátyás

▪ prime minister of Hungary
born March 14, 1892, Ada, Serbia
died Feb. 5, 1971, Gorky [now Nizhny Novgorod], Russia, U.S.S.R.
 Hungarian Communist ruler of Hungary from 1945 to 1956.

      An adherent of Social Democracy from his youth, Rákosi returned to Hungary a Communist in 1918, after a period as prisoner of war in Russia. He served as commissar for Socialist production in the short-lived Communist regime of Béla Kun (1919) but, with the triumph of counterrevolution in Hungary, was forced to flee to Moscow. Dispatched in 1924 to reorganize the Hungarian Communist Party, he was arrested by the Hungarian authorities the following year and in 1927 was sentenced to eight and a half years in prison from the date of his arrest. Upon the expiration of his term, he was rearrested and sentenced for life (1934) but in 1940 was allowed to go to Moscow. Returning to Hungary with Soviet troops in 1944, Rákosi became secretary of the Hungarian Workers (Communist) Party and, assisted by the newly organized State Security Police (AVO), soon consolidated political power in his hands. A confirmed Stalinist, he reigned supreme as party chief from 1949 to 1953 (from 1952 also as prime minister); but in July 1953, following Stalin's death, he was forced to relinquish the premiership to the reform-minded Imre Nagy. He remained party secretary, however, and in 1955 was able to effect the dismissal of Nagy, only to be removed himself by Moscow from all party offices the following year in order to placate the Yugoslav leader Marshal Tito, whom he had offended. Rákosi's enduring Stalinism and his subservience to Moscow had made him widely unpopular; and, when revolution broke out in Budapest in October 1956, he fled again to the U.S.S.R.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • RÁKOSI, MÁTYÁS — (1892–1971), Hungarian Communist dictator. Born in Ada (then Hungary), Rákosi was the son of a small shopkeeper. He completed his studies at the Budapest Oriental Academy and after working as a bank clerk in Budapest and Hamburg, went to England… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mátyás Rákosi — General Secretary of the Hungarian Communist Party In office 1945 – July 18, 1956 Succeeded by Ernő Gerő …   Wikipedia

  • Matyas Rakosi — Mátyás Rákosi [ˈmaːcaːʃ ˈraːkoʃi], ursprünglicher Name bis 1904 Rosenfeld (* 14. März 1892 in Ada, Österreich Ungarn (heute Vojvodina, Serbien); † 5. Februar 1971 in Gorki, Sowjetunion (heute Nischni Nowgorod, Russland)) war ein ungarischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rakosi — Mátyás Rákosi [ˈmaːcaːʃ ˈraːkoʃi], ursprünglicher Name bis 1904 Rosenfeld (* 14. März 1892 in Ada, Österreich Ungarn (heute Vojvodina, Serbien); † 5. Februar 1971 in Gorki, Sowjetunion (heute Nischni Nowgorod, Russland)) war ein ungarischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mátyás Rákosi — Mátyás Rákosi. Mátyás Rákosi, né Mátyás Rosenfeld, est né le 14 mars 1892 à Ada en Autriche Hongrie (aujourd hui en Voïvodine en Serbie) et est mort le 5 février 1971 à Nijni Novgorod, alors en Union soviétique). Secrétaire général du Parti… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Matyas Rakosi — Mátyás Rákosi Mátyás Rákosi Mátyás Rákosi, naquit le 14 mars 1892 à Ada en Autriche Hongrie (aujourd hui en Voïvodine en Serbie) et mourut le 5 février 1971 à Nijni Novgorod, alors en Union soviétique). Il fut le dirigeant de la Répub …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mátyás Rákosi — Mátyás Rákosi. Mátyás Rákosi (Ada, 14 de marzo de 1892 Gorky, 5 de febrero de 1971) fue un comunista húngaro, líder de este país entre 1945 y 1956 como Secretario General del Partido Comunista Húngaro. Vida Rákosi nació como Mátyás Rosenfeld en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rakosi — Mátyás Rákosi Mátyás Rákosi Mátyás Rákosi, naquit le 14 mars 1892 à Ada en Autriche Hongrie (aujourd hui en Voïvodine en Serbie) et mourut le 5 février 1971 à Nijni Novgorod, alors en Union soviétique). Il fut le dirigeant de la Répub …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rakosi — Rákosi (izg. rȃkoši), Mátyás (1892 1971) DEFINICIJA vođa komunističkog režima u Mađarskoj (1945 1956), smijenjen zbog narodnog nezadovoljstva …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Rákosi — (Mátyás) (1892 1971) homme politique hongrois. Il domina la vie politique hongroise de 1949 à 1953 en suivant strictement la ligne stalinienne. Il se réfugia en U.R.S.S. après la révolution de 1956 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.