Rajasthan Steppe

      desert in west-central Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. It has an area of about 54,800 square miles (142,000 square km). The region was ruled successively in ancient times by the Mauryas, Guptas, and Gurjar Pratiharas. Later it was ruled by Rajput dynasties before coming under Mughal control.

      Near Jodhpur is bedrock similar to that of the Vindhya Range; farther south there are Malani volcanic and Jalore Siwana granitic rocks. The region slopes downward from the Aravalli Range in the northeast to the Luni River basin in the southeast, where rocks above the sandy surface bear evidence of wind erosion. Rajasthan Steppe has also been subject to extensive gullying. Large areas are covered with thorny scrub, acacia, and palm trees. The Luni is the only major river; the inland drainage pattern has created a number of salt lakes, such as the Didwana, Kuchman, Degna, and Sambhar (Sambhar Salt Lake). The desert soils contain a high percentage of soluble salts.

      Livestock (cattle, sheep, goats, and camels) raising and agriculture are economically important; cereal grains, pulses (legumes), oilseeds, cotton, and sugarcane are grown. The region suffers occasionally from severe droughts and swarms of locusts. It is rich in mineral resources (especially marble and salt), and gypsum, silver ore, and feldspar are mined; there is a sulfur plant at Sambhar Salt Lake. Rugs and woolen textiles, sugar, cement, pesticides, and dyes are produced. Jodhpur, Ganganagar, Churu, and Jhunjhunu are the important towns and cities in the region.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium

  • nuclear weapon — an explosive device whose destructive potential derives from the release of energy that accompanies the splitting or combining of atomic nuclei. [1945 50] * * * or atomic weapon or thermonuclear weapon Bomb or other warhead that derives its force …   Universalium

  • Principal national parks of the world — ▪ Table Principal national parks of the world Africa Europe and Russia Asia North America and the Caribbean Australia and Oceania South America Africa country national park date area description protected status national park status square miles… …   Universalium

  • INDE - Géographie — La République indienne occupe une position particulière par rapport à deux ensembles géographiques de plus grande dimension dont elle fait partie. L’essentiel de son territoire appartient au domaine des régions tropicales dont le climat est… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ASIE - Géographie physique — L’Asie est le plus vaste des continents: 44 millions de kilomètres carrés. Elle s’étend sur 75 degrés de latitude et, en tenant compte des îles, sur 92 degrés (de la Severnaïa Zemlia, ou Terre du Nord, 810 de latitude nord, à l’île Roti, 110 de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ASIE - Géographie humaine — L’Asie est, depuis des siècles, le plus peuplé des continents, mais sa part dans la population mondiale ne cesse de s’accroître: elle représente, au début des années quatre vingt dix, près de 60 p. 100 de cette population, une masse humaine si… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Saka (Volk) — Die Saken (in Indien Shaka) waren ein indogermanisches Nomadenvolk in Zentralasien aus der Gruppe der nord östlichen Iranier. Sie werden überwiegend zu den Skythen gezählt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2 Siedlungsgebiet und Kultur 3 Sprache …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Climate of India — …   Wikipedia

  • Climate of Uttar Pradesh — The Climate of Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) is primarily defined as Humid Subtropical with dry winter (CWa) type with parts of Eastern U.P. as Semi Arid (BS) type. Alternatively, some authors refer to it as tropical monsoon. Variations do exist in… …   Wikipedia

  • Climatic regions of India — Climatic zones in India, based on the Köppen classification system India has a large variation in climate from region to region, due to its vast size. India experiences climate from four major climate groups. These can be further subdivided into… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.