Punic War, Third

also called  Third Carthaginian War 
 (149–146 BC), third of three wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) Empire that resulted in the final destruction of Carthage, the enslavement of its population, and Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean.

      The first and second Punic wars (264–241 BC and 218–201 BC) had effectively deprived Carthage of its political power. Nevertheless, its commercial enterprises expanded rapidly in the 2nd century BC, exciting the envy of Rome's growing mercantile community. When the Carthaginians in 150 resisted Masinissa's aggressions by force of arms, thus formally breaking the treaty with Rome, a Roman army was dispatched to Africa. Although the Carthaginians consented to make reparation by giving hostages and surrendering their arms, they were goaded into revolt by the further stipulation that they must emigrate to some inland site, where commerce by sea would no longer be possible. Carthage resisted the Roman siege for two years. In 147, however, the command was given to Scipio Aemilianus (Scipio Africanus the Younger), the adopted grandson of the former conqueror of Carthage. Scipio made the blockade stringent by walling off the isthmus on which the town lay and by cutting off its sources of supplies from overseas. His main attack was delivered on the harbour side, where he effected an entrance in the face of a determined and ingenious resistance. House by house he captured the streets that led up to the citadel.

      Of a city population that may have exceeded a quarter of a million, only 50,000 remained at the final surrender. The survivors were sold into slavery; the city was razed, and the territory was made a Roman province under the name of Africa.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Third Punic War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Third Punic War partof= the Punic Wars caption= The location of the city of Carthage date=149 BC ndash; 146 BC place=Carthage (near modern Tunis) casus = For Carthago Numidia attack with Roman support in 151 BC …   Wikipedia

  • Second Punic War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict= Second Punic War partof= the Punic Wars caption= Borders of Roman and Punic zone of influence in 218 BC, just prior to the war date= 218 to 201 BC place= Italia, Sicily, Hispania, Cisalpine Gaul, Transalpine… …   Wikipedia

  • List of battles of the Second Punic War — This is an incomplete list of battles of the Second Punic War, showing the battles on the Italian peninsula and some in Africa, in Sicily and Hispania.*218 BC **Battle of Lilybaeum A Roman fleet of 20 quinqueremes defeated a Carthaginian fleet of …   Wikipedia

  • Punic military forces — The military forces of the Punic people are all military forces from the State of Carthage in North Africa and troops of Punic ethnicity after the destruction of Carthage in the Third Punic War. The polis Carthage had subdued a large region in… …   Wikipedia

  • Punic Wars — The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage between 264 and 146 BC [Chris Scarre, The Wars with Carthage, The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Rome (London: Penguin Books, 1995), 24 25.] , and were probably the… …   Wikipedia

  • War — This article is about war in general. For other uses, see War (disambiguation) and The War (disambiguation). Warfare Military history Eras …   Wikipedia

  • Third Macedonian War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Third Macedonian War partof=the Macedonian Wars caption= date=171 BC 168 BC place=Macedon, Greece and Illyria casus=Macedonian expansionism, threat to balance of power in the area territory=Macedon divided into… …   Wikipedia

  • Punic Wars — the three wars waged by Rome against Carthage, 264 241, 218 201, and 149 146 B.C., resulting in the destruction of Carthage and the annexation of its territory by Rome. * * * or Carthaginian Wars Three wars (264–241 BC, 218–201, 149–146) between… …   Universalium

  • war — war1 /wawr/, n., v., warred, warring, adj. n. 1. a conflict carried on by force of arms, as between nations or between parties within a nation; warfare, as by land, sea, or air. 2. a state or period of armed hostility or active military… …   Universalium

  • Mercenary War — Part of the Punic Wars (interlude conflict between the First and Second) …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.