- reading and marking corrections on a proof or other copy of the text of articles and books before publication (publishing, history of). Proofreading dates from the early days of printing. A contract of 1499 held the author finally responsible for correction of proofs. In modern practice, proofs are made first from a galley, a long tray holding a column of type, and hence are called galley proofs; the term is sometimes also used for the first copy produced in photocomposition and other forms of typesetting that do not involve metal type.Galley proofs, and the later proofs of the type arranged into page form, usually bear queries (regarding possible errors of fact) arising through the proofreader's skill, which involves more than assuring an exact correspondence between the copy given to the printer and its printed form. Lawsuits between printers and authors, errata sheets, authors' apologies and complaints at not seeing proof in printed books, all were common through the 15th, 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries; and even in modern publication they are not unknown.Many proofreading marks (see illustration—> for the use of some of the most common ones) are also used in editing copy before the proof stage.
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Proofreading — traditionally means reading a proof copy of a text in order to detect and correct any errors. Modern proofreading often requires reading copy at earlier stages as well. Proofreading in printing and publishing A proof copy is a version of a… … Wikipedia
proofreading — UK US /ˈpruːfriːdɪŋ/ noun [U] ► the act of finding and correcting mistakes in copies of printed text before the final copies are printed: »Most of the errors were corrected at the proofreading stage … Financial and business terms
proofreading — proofreading. См. коррекция. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
proofreading — noun The act or process by which a document is proofread … Wiktionary
proofreading — The property of certain polymerases, e.g., DNA polymerase, to use their exonuclease activity to remove erroneously introduced bases and to replace them with the correct bases … Medical dictionary
proofreading — n. reading and correcting errors, editing, checking for mistakesv. read and mark mistakes; correct, edit, check for errors … English contemporary dictionary
proofreading — The scanning of newly synthesized DNA for structural defects, such as mis matched base pairs. A functional activity of most DNA polymerases … Glossary of Biotechnology
proofreading — proofˈreading noun • • • Main Entry: ↑proof … Useful english dictionary
Conformational proofreading — is a general mechanism of molecular recognition systems, in which introducing a structural mismatch between a molecular recognizer and its target enhances the recognition specificity and quality.      … Wikipedia
Distributed Proofreading — Die Internet Site Distributed Proofreaders (DP) wurde im Jahr 2000 von Charles Franks ins Leben gerufen, um das internationale Project Gutenberg zu unterstützen. Hierbei versucht man, durch Unterteilung von eingescannten Büchern in einzelne… … Deutsch Wikipedia