Port Hedland

      town and port, northwestern Western Australia, on the North West Coastal Highway. The port is built on a tidal island (8 miles by 1 mile [13 km by 1.5 km]) from which three causeways lead to the mainland and one to a jetty installation for loading iron ore from Mount Goldsworthy, 70 miles (110 km) east. Founded in 1863, it was named after Peter Hedland, the first European to reach the harbour (1857). It grew as a pearling port and, beginning in 1888, as the outlet for the tin and gold of the Pilbara field (150 miles [240 km] southeast), to which it was connected (1912–51) by rail. During World War II Port Hedland was extremely active, handling war supplies of tin, tantalite, columbite, and manganese mined in the Pilbara. In the late 1950s, new manganese discoveries brought the town a degree of renewed prosperity.

      After 1964, with the development of iron ore deposits in the Hamersley Range to the southwest, Port Hedland became one of the state's most active ports. A series of dredging operations were undertaken to increase the port's capacity, and wharves were extended; eventually, the port was capable of handling ore carriers of 260,000 tons. After exhausting the island's space, the community began expanding onto the mainland. Private railways bring iron ore to the port from Newman and Shay Gap, in the interior, and by the 1980s about 35 million tons of iron ore were being exported annually through Port Hedland. Evaporation works produce salt for export. Pop. (2001) urban centre, 12,846.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Port Hedland — In Port Hedland ankommender Eisenerzzug, von 3 Lokomotivpaaren gezogen Staat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Port Hedland — Port Hedland, kleiner, aber guter Hafen an der Nordwestküste des britisch austral. Staates Westaustralien, Aus und Einfuhrplatz für die Orte des Pilbarragoldfeldes; im Distrikt über 120 Bewohner …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Port Hedland —   [pɔːt hedlənd], wichtigster Hafen im Nordwesten von Western Australia, 11 000 Einwohner; Verschiffung der Eisenerze des Pilbaradistrikts (Eisenbahnverbindungen), mit Kaianlagen für 100 000 t Frachter; Salzgewinnung (Export) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Port Hedland — 20°18′16″S 118°38′03″E / 20.30444, 118.63417 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Port Hedland — /pɔt ˈhɛdlənd/ (say pawt hedluhnd) noun a town, shire and seaport on the north western coast of WA, south west of Broome; iron ore port. Port Hedland lies in territory traditionally inhabited by the Kariyarra people. European pastoralists were in …   Australian English dictionary

  • Port Hedland — Original name in latin Port Hedland Name in other language PHE, Port Hedland, Port Gedlend, Port Khedlend, poteuhedeullaendeu, potoheddorando, Порт Гедленд, Порт Хедленд State code AU Continent/City Australia/Perth longitude 20.31215 latitude 118 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Port Hedland — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Port Hedland Country and Admin Code AU.08.57280 AU …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Port Hedland — geographical name port Western Australia …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Port Hedland, Western Australia — Port Hedland Western Australia BHP iron ore train arriving into Port Hedland. The train is hauled by six locomotives (three pairs through the train) …   Wikipedia

  • Port Hedland (Australia) — Hotels: Best Western Hospitality Inn Port Hedland (Port Hedland) …   International hotels

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