Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine

▪ Palestinian political organization
Arabic  al-Jabhah al-Shaʿbiyyah li-Taḥrīr Filasṭīn, 

      organization providing an institutional framework for militant organizations associated with the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), notable for its Marxist-Leninist ideology and its hijacking of a number of aircraft between 1968 and 1974.

      The PFLP was established in 1967 in an amalgamation of three different guerrilla groups by the militant Palestinian leader George Ḥabash (Ḥabash, George). Conflicts within the organization over ideology led to several splits and generated independent factions, most notably the PFLP-General Command (PFLP-GC) established in 1968 by Aḥmad Jibrīl. Each of these factions engaged in guerrilla activity against Israel and often undertook acts of terrorism against the Jewish state and Western interests. The PFLP itself carried out or organized many notorious attacks against Israeli and Western targets, most notably the hijacking and destruction of several commercial airliners in the late 1960s and early '70s. The PFLP rejected political compromise with Israel—it opposed the peace process begun with Israel in the 1990s—and pledged to replace that state with a secular, democratic state in Palestine. It took a vigorously anti-Western and anticapitalist stance on other Middle Eastern questions. Ḥabash retired as head of the organization in 2000; his successor, Abū ʿAlī Muṣṭafā, was killed by Israeli forces in the PFLP's West Bank offices in 2001.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine — noun a terrorist group of limited popularity formed in 1967 after the Six Day War; combined Marxist Leninist ideology with Palestinian nationalism; used terrorism to gain attention for their cause; hoped to eliminate the state of Israel • Syn:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine — extremist Palestinian organization headed by George Chabbash …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command — The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine General Command (الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير فلسطين القيادة العامة) is a Palestinian nationalist and Marxist organization, backed by Syria and Iran. The U.S. lists it as a Foreign Terrorist Organization …   Wikipedia

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  • Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command — noun a Marxist Leninist terrorist organization that conducted several attacks in western Europe • Syn: ↑PFLP GC • Topics: ↑terrorism, ↑act of terrorism, ↑terrorist act • Regions: ↑Israel, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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  • Popular Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of Palestine — ( ar. الجبهة الشعبية الثورية لتحرير فلسطين) was a Palestinian militant group. PRFLP surged in February 1972, following a split from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. [ [http://www.arts.mcgill.ca/mepp/PRRN/papers/sanctuary/ch2.html… …   Wikipedia

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