▪ order of fungi
      large order of pore fungi within the phylum Basidiomycota (kingdom Fungi). The 2,300 known species have conspicuous sporophores (fruiting bodies), sometimes mushroomlike, the spore-bearing layer (hymenium) appearing either tube-shaped, gill-like, rough, smooth, or convoluted. Many species are found on the ground or on decaying wood. Some species are edible; others cause diseases of trees.

      The order includes the shelf, or bracket, fungi (Polyporaceae), which produce a shelf-like fruiting structure on many trees. They cause decay of birch and other hardwoods and of structural timbers (certain Poria species); conifer rot, heart rot, and root rot of rubber plants (Fomes); wood decay and root rot of cacao, coffee, rubber, and other trees (Ganoderma); and diseases of birch and conifers (Polyporus). The white undersurface of artist's fungus (Fomes applanatus), which darkens when cut, has been used for etching.

      The inedible birch fungus Polyporus betulinus causes decay on birch trees in the northern United States. Dryad's saddle (P. squamosus) produces a fan- or saddle-shaped mushroom. It is light coloured with dark scales, has a strong odour, and grows on many deciduous trees. The edible hen of the woods (P. frondosus), which grows on old trees and stumps, produces a cluster of grayish mushrooms with two or three caps on a stalk; the undersides of the caps are porous. The sulfur mushroom, P. (Laetiporus) sulphureus, a common, shelf-like fungus that grows on dead wood, derives its name from its sulfur-yellow colour; only the younger portions of the fruiting body are edible.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Polyporales — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Polyporales Clasificación científica Reino: Fungi Dominio: Eukaryota División: Basidiomycota Clase …   Wikipedia Español

  • Polyporales — Polyporales …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Polyporales — Taxobox name = Polyporales image width = 240px image caption = Ganoderma applanatum regnum = Fungi phylum = Basidiomycota classis = Agaricomycetes ordo = Polyporales subdivision ranks = Families subdivision = Albatrellaceae Atheliaceae… …   Wikipedia

  • Polyporales — Porenpilze Glänzender Lackporling (Ganoderma lucidum) Systematik Abteilung: Basidienpilze (Basi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Polyporales — …   Википедия

  • Polyporales — Género de hongos, clase Hymenomycetes, división Basidiomycota. ● Familia Atheliaceae ● Familia Cortinariaceae ● Familia Ganodermataceae ● Familia Polyporaceae …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • polyporales — po·lyp·o·ra·les …   English syllables

  • polyporales — pəˌlipəˈrā(ˌ)lēz; ˌpälēp , ˌpälə̇p noun plural Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from Polyporus + ales : an order of basidiomycetous fungi (subclass Homobasidiomycetes) that is often included in Agaricales and that includes chiefly… …   Useful english dictionary

  • ТРУТОВЫЕ ГРИБЫ (Polyporales) — пор. грибов кл. Basidiomycetes. Широко распространены в природе. Плодовые тела разнообразной формы, часто копытовидные, ухо видные, одно или многолетние, со своеобразно развитым гименофором и гимением …   Словарь ботанических терминов

  • Афиллофоровые — ? Афиллофоровые Ganoderma applanatum (плоский трутовик) Научная классификация Царство: Грибы …   Википедия

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