Plymouth porcelain

      first hard-paste, or true, porcelain made in England, produced at a factory in Plymouth, Devon, from 1768 to 1770. Formulated by a chemist, William Cookworthy (Cookworthy, William), it is distinguishable from the Bristol porcelain that he produced later by its imperfections.

      Cookworthy found deposits of kaolin (a soft, white clay, also called china clay) and china stone (or petuntse, a partly decomposed granite) near St. Austell in Cornwall and began experimenting. His first porcelain was coarse, with many faults, and it was liable to smoke staining during firing. Later, both body and decoration were improved. Chinese motifs were copied from Worcester porcelain, and the shapes of the wares generally were inspired by silver work or shells, mainly from early Bow wares. Plymouth porcelain is marked in underglaze blue, blue enamel, red, or gold, with the alchemical sign for tin.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Plymouth porcelain — was a hard paste porcelain made in the English county of Devon in the 18th century [See Cookworthy s Plymouth and Bristol Porcelain by F.Severne Mackenna(1947) published by F.Lewis and William Cookworthy 1705 1780: a study of the pioneer of true… …   Wikipedia

  • plymouth porcelain — noun Usage: usually capitalized 1st P : the first English commercial hard paste porcelain made at Plymouth (1768 70) and continued at Bristol …   Useful english dictionary

  • Porcelain — Fine China redirects here. For the band, see Fine China (band). This article is about the ceramic material. For other uses, see Porcelain (disambiguation). Chinese moon flask, 1723 35, Qing Dynasty …   Wikipedia

  • Bow porcelain factory — The Bow porcelain factory (active ca 1747 1764, closed 1776) was an emulative rival of the Chelsea porcelain factory in the manufacture of early soft paste porcelain in Great Britain. The factory was located near Bow, London. Designs imitated… …   Wikipedia

  • List of people from Plymouth — People from the English city of Plymouth are known as Plymothians or less formally as Janners.[1] The definition of Janner is described as a person from Devon, deriving from Cousin Jan (the Devon form of John), but more particularly in naval… …   Wikipedia

  • Meissen porcelain — Meisen hard porcelain vase, circa 1730. Indianische Blume ( Flowers of the Indies ) in imitation of the Kakiemon style of Arita porcelain, Japan. Meissen porcelain or Meissen china is the first European hard paste porcelain that was developed… …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese export porcelain — Chinese blue and white export porcelain, with European scene and French inscription The Empire of virtue is established to the end of the Universe , Kangxi period, 1690 1700. Chinese export porcelain concerns a wide range of …   Wikipedia

  • Chantilly porcelain — French porcelain Chantilly plate 1750 1755. Rouen (1673–1696) Nevers Saint Cloud (1693–1766) Chantilly (1730–1800) Vincennes (1740–1756) Mennecy (1745–1765) Sèvres (1756–present) Etiolles (1770 ) …   Wikipedia

  • Japanese pottery and porcelain — Oribe ware dish with lid, early 17th century …   Wikipedia

  • Chelsea porcelain factory — Dogs, about 1749, Chelsea Porcelain factory (V A Museum) no. C.246A 1976 The Chelsea porcelain manufactory (established around 1743 45) is the first important porcelain manufactory in England;[1] its earliest soft paste porcelain, aimed at the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.