Pléiade, La

▪ French writers
      group of seven French writers of the 16th century, led by Pierre de Ronsard (Ronsard, Pierre de), whose aim was to elevate the French language to the level of the classical tongues as a medium for literary expression. La Pléiade, whose name was taken from that given by the ancient Alexandrian critics to seven tragic poets of the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285–246 BC), also included Joachim du Bellay (du Bellay, Joachim), Jean Dorat, Jean-Antoine (Dorat, Jean) de Baïf (Baïf, Jean-Antoine de), Rémy Belleau (Belleau, Rémy), Pontus de Tyard (Tyard, Pontus de), and Étienne Jodelle. (Jodelle, Étienne)

      The principles of La Pléiade were authoritatively set forth by du Bellay in Défense et illustration de la langue françoise (1549), a document that advocated the enrichment of the French language by discreet imitation and borrowing from the language and literary forms of the classics and the works of the Italian Renaissance—including such forms as the Pindaric and Horatian ode, the Virgilian epic, and the Petrarchan sonnet. Du Bellay also encouraged the revival of archaic French words, the incorporation of words and expressions from provincial dialects, the use of technical terms in literary contexts, the coining of new words, and the development of verse forms new to French literature.

      The writers of La Pléiade are considered the first representatives of French Renaissance poetry, one reason being that they revived the alexandrine verse form (composed of 12-syllable lines, rhyming in alternate masculine and feminine couplets), the dominant poetic form of the French Renaissance. The members of La Pléiade are sometimes charged with attempting to Latinize the French language and are criticized for inspiring the slavish imitation of the classics that occasionally occurred among their followers.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Pléiade —   [ple jadə, französisch ple jad], nach dem alexandrinischen Dichterkreis, der Pleias, benannte Dichterschule der französischen Renaissance, der in wechselnder Zusammensetzung jeweils sieben Dichter angehörten, darunter P. de Ronsard, J. Du… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pléiade — Pléiade, s. Plejade …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pléiade — [plā yȧd′] n. 〚Fr: see PLEIADES the〛 1. a group of seven French poets of the 16th cent. who favored the use of classical forms 2. a small group, usually seven, of brilliant persons: also pleiad or PLEIAD …   Universalium

  • Pléiade —    Pléiade is the name given in literary history to the groups of seven poets who were considered poetic constellations, by allusion to the seven sons of Atlas (the Pleiades). This designation was applied for the first time to the seven great… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • plêiade — s. f. 1. Grupo ou reunião de homens célebres pelo talento. 2. Cada uma das estrelas da constelação das Plêiades. • plêiades s. f. pl. 3. Sete Estrelo (constelação). [Nas duas últimas acepções, grafa se com inicial maiúscula.] • Sinônimo geral:… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Pléiade — [plā yȧd′] n. [Fr: see PLEIADES the] 1. a group of seven French poets of the 16th cent. who favored the use of classical forms 2. a small group, usually seven, of brilliant persons: also pleiad or PLEIAD …   English World dictionary

  • Pléiade — La Pléiade (ursprünglich La Brigade) war eine Gruppe von sieben französischen Dichtern des 16. Jahrhunderts, die sich um Pierre de Ronsard bildete. Sie nannten sich nach einer Gruppe von sieben hellenistischen Dichtern aus dem Alexandria des 3.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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