Piston, Walter

▪ American composer
born Jan. 20, 1894, Rockland, Maine, U.S.
died Nov. 12, 1976, Belmont, Mass.

      composer noted for his symphonic and chamber music and his influence in the development of the 20th-century Neoclassical style in the United States.

      After graduating from the Massachusetts School of Art, Piston studied music at Harvard University and in Paris with Nadia Boulanger and Paul Dukas (1924–26). On his return to the United States he taught at Harvard University, becoming professor of music in 1944 and retiring in 1960. Highly regarded as a teacher, he wielded considerable influence on contemporary American music through his students, who included Leonard Bernstein. He published four important textbooks, Principles of Harmonic Analysis (1933), Harmony (1941), Counterpoint (1947), and Orchestration (1955).

      Piston's style of composition is Neoclassical, with occasional Romantic overtones, and is noted for its structural strength and rhythmic vivacity. His program music includes the orchestral suite Three New England Sketches (1959); his only composition for the theatre is the ballet The Incredible Flutist (1938). He composed eight symphonies, the third (1947) and seventh (1960) of which were awarded Pulitzer Prizes. He also wrote two violin concerti, a viola concerto, a concerto for two pianos, a Capriccio for harp and string orchestra (1963), a concerto for clarinet, the Lincoln Center Festival Overture (1962), and a concerto for string quartet and orchestra (1974). His chamber music includes five string quartets, a quintet for piano and string quartet, and a wind quintet.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Piston, Walter — ► (1894 1976) Compositor estadounidense. Obra sinfónica y de cámara. Autor de El increíble flautista (1938) (ballet) y Sinfonietta (1941) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Walter Piston — Walter Hamor Piston Jr. (January 20, 1894 ndash; November 12, 1976) was an American composer and music theorist.LifePiston was born in Rockland, Maine. His father s father, a sailor named Antonio Pistone, changed his name to Anthony Piston when… …   Wikipedia

  • Walter Hamor Piston Jr. — Walter Hamor Piston Jr. (* 20. Januar 1894 in Rockland, Maine; † 12. November 1976 in Belmont, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 2.1 Orchesterwerke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walter Piston — Walter Hamor Piston Jr. (* 20. Januar 1894 in Rockland, Maine; † 12. November 1976 in Belmont, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 2.1 Orchesterwerke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walter Piston — Pour les articles homonymes, voir piston. Walter Piston né à Rockland, Maine, (États Unis), le 20 janvier 1894 et mort à Belmont, Massachusetts, le 12 novembre 1976 est un compositeur américain. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pistón — (Del ital. pistone, mano de almirez.) ► sustantivo masculino 1 MECÁNICA Émbolo de una bomba o máquina. 2 Parte central de la cápsula o cartucho de las armas de fuego, donde está colocado el fulminante. 3 MÚSICA Llave en forma de émbolo de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Walter Piston — (Rockland, Maine, 20 de enero de 1894 Massachusetts, 12 de noviembre de 1976), fue un compositor de los Estados Unidos. Contenido 1 Biografia 2 Catálogo de obras 2.1 Libros …   Wikipedia Español

  • Piston (disambiguation) — Piston may refer to:cience and technology* Piston, a component of engines and pumps * Piston (optics) * Fire piston, an ancient device for kindling fire * Lake piston, an experimental renewable energy system * Gas operated reloading, sometimes… …   Wikipedia

  • Walter (entreprise) — Walter a.s. est une entreprise tchèque de construction de moteurs, particulièrement connue dans l aéronautique pour ses turbopropulseurs. Historique Fondée en Bohème en 1911 par Josef Walter, cette entreprise fabrique à l origine des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Walter (moteurs) — Walter (entreprise) Walter a.s. est une entreprise tchèque de construction de moteurs, particulièrement connue dans l aéronautique. Sommaire 1 Historique 2 Principaux moteurs Walter 3 Références 4 Liens externes …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.