Petrus Aureoli

▪ French philosopher
Aureoli also spelled  Aureolus,  English  Peter Aureol,  French  Pierre Auriol,  Oriol,  or  D'Oriol 
born c. 1280, near Gourdon, Guyenne
died 1322, Aix-en-Provence/Avignon, Provence

      French churchman, philosopher, and critical thinker, called Doctor facundus (“eloquent teacher”), who was important as a forerunner to William of Ockham.

      Petrus may have become a Franciscan at Gourdon before 1300; he was in Paris (1304) to study, possibly under John Duns Scotus. He became lector at Bologna (1312), Toulouse (1314–15), and Paris (1316–18). Provincial of his order for Aquitaine c. 1320, he was nominated archbishop of Aix-en-Provence and consecrated in 1321 by Pope John XXII, to whom he had dedicated c. 1316 his Commentariorum in primum librum sententiarum, 2 vol. (1596–1605; “Commentary on the First Book of Sentences”).

      Criticizing Duns Scotus' and St. Thomas Aquinas' theory of knowledge, Petrus promoted an individualistic empiricism (emphasizing the part played by experience in knowledge against that played by reasoning), supported by a doctrine of universals, or general words that can be applied to more than one particular thing; this doctrine is partly Nominalistic (denying the reality of universal essences) and partly conceptualistic (acknowledging universals as existing only in the mind). According to Petrus, knowledge is appearance of objects: man knows what exists by direct impressions, more or less clearly, but without intermediaries; forms, essences, and universals are fictions. Although some of his philosophical theories are individual, he generally conforms to the dictum subsequently known as “Ockham's razor”—i.e., that plurality should not be posited without necessity. Essentially, Petrus anticipated the Nominalism that Ockham developed more fully.

      Petrus' works include Tractatus de paupertate (1311; “Treatise on Poverty”), the unfinished Tractatus de principiis naturae, 4 vol. (“Treatise on the Principles of Nature”), and Tractatus de conceptione beatae Mariae Virginis (1314/15; “Treatise on the Conception of the Blessed Mary the Virgin”). In 1319 he wrote his popular Compendium . . . totius Scripturae (“Compendium . . . of the Whole Scripture”).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Petrus Aureoli — (* um 1280 in Aquitanien; † wohl 10. Januar 1322 in Avignon oder Aix en Provence), auch doctor facundus (lat.: redegewandter Doktor) genannt, war ein dem Franziskanerorden angehörender Theologe und Philosoph. Petrus Aureoli trat vermutlich vor… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Petrus Aureoli —     Petrus Aureoli     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Petrus Aureoli     (Aureolus, D auriol, Oriol).     A Franciscan philosopher and theologian, called on account of his eloquence Doctor facundus, born 1280 at Toulouse (or Verberie sur Oise); d. 10… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Petrus Aureoli — Petrus Aureoli,   Pierre d Auriole [pjɛːr d ɔrɪ ɔl], französischer Philosoph und Theologe, * Gourdon (Département Lot) zwischen 1275 und 1280, ✝ Avignon oder Aix en Provence 1322; Franziskaner; 1321 Erzbischof von Aix en Provence. Entwickelte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Aureoli — Petrus Aureoli (* um 1280 in Aquitanien; † wohl 10. Januar 1322 in Avignon oder Aix en Provence), auch doctor facundus (lat.: redegewandter Doktor) genannt, war ein dem Franziskanerorden angehörender Theologe und Philosoph. Petrus Aureoli trat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Petrus Aureolus — [Peter Auriol or Aureol, Oriol.] (c.1280 January 101322), was a scholastic philosopher and theologian. We know little of his life before 1312. After this time, he taught at the Franciscan convent in Bologna, then at the convent in Toulouse,… …   Wikipedia

  • Petrus — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 katholische Heilige 2.2 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aureoli, Petrus — • Brief article by E.A. Pace notes the highlights of Aureol s intellectual career Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Walter Burley, Peter Aureoli and Gregory of Rimini — Stephen Brown THE END OF THE GREAT ERA Immediately after the glorious age of Bonaventure and Thomas Aquinas, the University of Paris, as we have seen, had a number of outstanding teachers. Henry of Ghent, following in the path of Bonaventure, was …   History of philosophy

  • Paris and Oxford between Aureoli and Rimini — Chris Schabel Oxford ideas in logic and natural philosophy were readily received, analysed, and partially incorporated into corresponding writings of a logical or natural philosophical nature at the University of Paris throughout the 1320s, 1330s …   History of philosophy

  • Pedro Auréolo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pedro Auréolo[1] (Gourdon, c. 1280 10 de enero de 1322) fue un filósofo y teólogo franciscano francés, llamado doctor facundus Nació en la región de Aquitania hacia 1280, sin que se pueda precisar más el año. Hacia… …   Wikipedia Español

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