Perth and Kinross

      council area, central Scotland. It encompasses the historic county of Kinross-shire (Kinross, which covers a small area in the southeast), a very small portion of the historic county of Angus (south of Coupar Angus), and most of the historic county of Perthshire (or Perth, which covers the remainder of the council area).

      The Highland Boundary Fault runs across Perth from northeast to southwest, forming a rough boundary between Lowland (Lowlands) Perth and Kinross in the southeast and the Grampian Mountains in the northwest. Highland (Highlands) Perth is a plateau about 3,000 feet (900 metres) high, and its highest peaks include Ben More with an elevation of 3,852 feet (1,174 metres), Ben Lawers with an elevation of 3,984 feet (1,214 metres), and Schiehallion with an elevation of 3,547 feet (1,081 metres). The plateau is dissected by intensely glaciated valleys often occupied by glacial ribbon lakes—such as Lochs Rannoch, Tummel, Tay, and Earn. Much of Lowland Perth and Kinross lies within the Midland Valley (Central Lowlands) of Scotland. It includes the Ochil and Sidlaw hills—with elevations ranging from 1,500 to 2,000 feet (450 to 600 metres)—and the vale of Strathmore, which forms a drift-covered, lowland corridor.

      Perth and Kinross's fertile lowlands produce good crops of wheat, sugar beets, and fodder, as well as high-quality seed potatoes. Fruits, particularly raspberries, are intensively cultivated on the low, fertile, alluvial lands called carses. Sheep farming predominates on the hills and beef cattle on the foothills. The rivers and lochs abound with salmon and trout. The Forestry Commission controls extensive forests, including Rannoch Forest. There is a forestry school at Pitlochry. The Tummel-Garry Hydro-Electric Scheme of 10 power stations is the largest in Scotland; others include the Breadalbane and Lawers schemes. Industries include whisky distilling, food processing, and a range of craft manufactures. Perth and Kinross's most important economic sector is services, particularly business and financial services. Tourism is also important to the local economy, especially in the northern Highlands. The city of Perth is the area's commercial and administrative centre. Area 2,041 square miles (5,286 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 139,590.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Perth and Kinross — Peairt agus Ceann Rois Verwaltungssitz Perth Fläche …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Perth and kinross — Géographie Superficie Total  % Eau 5e 5 286 km² ? % Capita …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Perth and Kinross — Géographie Superficie 5e Total 5286 km²  % eau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Perth and Kinross —   [ pəːθ ənd kɪn rɔs ], Verwaltungs Distrikt in Schottland, 5 311 km2, 130 500 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz ist Perth 1) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Perth and Kinross — a ↑county in central Scotland …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Perth and Kinross — This article is about the Scottish local government area. For the former UK Parliamentary constituency abolished in 1997, see Perth and Kinross (UK Parliament constituency). Perth and Kinross Pairth an Kinross Peairt agus Ceann Rois Location …   Wikipedia

  • Perth and Kinross — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Perth and Kinross Country and Admin Code GB.SCT.W1 GB …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Perth and Kinross — Sp Pèrtas ir Kinròsas Ap Perth and Kinross L Škotijos adm. sr., Jungtinė Karalystė …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Perth and Kinross — noun an administrative district in northern central Scotland; formed from the former counties of Perthshire and Kinross shire which became part of Tayside region in 1975; became a unitary district in 1996. 5321 km2. Administrative Centre: Perth …   Australian English dictionary

  • Perth and Kinross — geographical name administrative area of E central Scotland area 2051 square miles (5311 square kilometers) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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