Peredvizhniki

▪ Russian art
      (Russian: The Wanderers), group of Russian painters who in the second half of the 19th century rejected the restrictive and foreign-inspired classicism of the Russian Academy to form a new realist and nationalist art that would serve the common man. Believing that art should be useful, a vehicle for expressing humanitarian and social ideals, they produced realistic portrayals of inspiring or pathetic subjects from Russian middle-class and peasant life in a literal, easily understood style. Forming a Society of Wandering Exhibitions in 1870, they organized mobile exhibitions of their works in an effort to bring serious art to the people.

 The most prominent Russian artists of the 1870s and 1880s, including Ivan Kramskoy, Ilya Repin, Vasily Surikov (see photograph—>), Vasily Perov, and Vasily Vereshchagin, belonged to this group. The movement dominated Russian art for nearly 30 years and was the model for the Socialist Realism of the Soviet Union.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peredvizhniki — ( ru. Передвижники), often called The Wanderers or The Itinerants in English, were a group of Russian realist artists who in protest at academic restrictions formed an artists cooperative which evolved into the Society for Traveling Art… …   Wikipedia

  • Peredvizhniki — Ambulants Cet article fait partie de la série Peinture Liste des peintres Portail de la Peinture Les Ambulants ou Itinérants (en russe : Передвижники, Peredvižniki …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rafail Levitsky — Rafail Sergeevich Levitsky (or Rafael Sergeevich Levitsky, ru. Рафаил Сергеевич Левицкий; 1847 1940 was a Russian genre, romantic, and impressionist artist who was an active participant in the Peredvizhniki (Itinerant) Movement. His letters to… …   Wikipedia

  • painting, Western — ▪ art Introduction       history of Western painting from its beginnings in prehistoric times to the present.       Painting, the execution of forms and shapes on a surface by means of pigment (but see also drawing for discussion of depictions in …   Universalium

  • Arkhip Kuindzhi — Arkhip Ivanovich Kuindzhi (or Arkhip Kuinji , ru. Архип Иванович Куинджи (January 27, 1842 (?) – July 24, 1910) Russian landscape painter. Arkhip Kuindzhi was born in January 1841 in Mariupol (present day Ukraine), but he spent his youth in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Viktor Vasnetsov — Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov (Виктор Михайлович Васнецов) (Lop jal, May 15 (N.S.), 1848 mdash; Moscow, June 23, 1926) was a Russian artist who specialized in mythological and historical subjects. He is considered a key figure of the revivalist… …   Wikipedia

  • Russian culture — Saint Basil s Cathedral on the Red Square, Moscow …   Wikipedia

  • Vassily Maximov — Vassily Maximovich Maximov ( ru. Василий Максимович Максимов) (1844 1911) was a Russian painter, a prominent member of the Peredvizhniki group.Maximov was born to a peasant family in the village of Lopino near Novaya Ladoga. He became an orphan… …   Wikipedia

  • Mikhail Konstantinovich Clodt — Forest view in midday, 1878 Mikhail Konstantinovich Clodt baron von Jürgensburg (Russian: Михаил Константинович Клодт; 1832–1902; both Saint Petersburg) was a Russian realistic painter.[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Ilya Repin — Ilya Yefimovich Repin ( ru. Илья Ефимович Репин, uk. Ілля Юхимович Рєпін, (OldStyleDate|5 August|1844|24 July, Chuhuiv, Russian Empire (now in Ukraine) ndash; September 29 1930, Kuokkala, Finland) was a leading Russian [… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.