Pennsylvania Railroad Company

▪ American railway
      largest of the trunkline railroads that connected the East Coast of the United States with the interior. It was chartered in 1846 by the Pennsylvania legislature to build a line between Harrisburg and Pittsburgh. Its first passenger train ran in 1848 between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.

      Through buying the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railway, the railroad reached Chicago in 1856. After the American Civil War the railroad expanded to St. Louis, Mo., and Cincinnati, Ohio, in the west and to New York City, Washington, D.C., and Norfolk, Va., in the south and east, ultimately becoming a 10,000-mile (16,000-kilometre) system. In 1910, with the completion of a tunnel under the Hudson River, it became the only railroad to enter New York City from the south. It also acquired control of the Long Island Railroad Company.

      Throughout most of its history the Pennsylvania was a prosperous railroad, losing money for the first time in 1946. It suffered from the disadvantage that its route to Chicago had to cross the Appalachians, with grades of greater than 0.5 percent. Its chief competitor, the New York Central, had a water-level route to Chicago. In February 1968 the two railroads merged to form the Penn Central Transportation Company, which absorbed the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad Company the following year. The new corporation also had a number of subsidiaries in real estate, oil refining, and a variety of other industries.

      Penn Central encountered serious management and financial difficulties, however, and was forced into bankruptcy in June 1970. Its passenger services were taken over by the federally established National Railway Passenger Corporation ( Amtrak) in 1971. The Penn Central continued to lose money, and, when efforts at reorganization failed, the assets of the railroad were acquired by Consolidated Rail Corporation (Conrail) in April 1976. Operation of the New York-Washington route was later transferred to Amtrak. The Penn Central Corporation continued in business as a diversified corporation not connected with the railroad industry.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pennsylvania Railroad, Connecting Railway Bridge — from the southeast in 1999. Other name(s) Pennsylvania Railroad, New York Division, Bridge No. 69 …   Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania Railroad — Infobox SG rail railroad name=Pennsylvania Railroad logo filename=Pennsylvania Herald.png logo size=100 marks=PRR locale=Chicago and St. Louis to New York City and Washington, DC start year=1846 end year=1968 successor line=Penn Central old gauge …   Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania Railroad Bridge (Columbia, Pennsylvania) — Infobox Bridge bridge name= Pennsylvania Railroad Bridge caption= official name= also known as=Columbia Wrightsville Bridge carries= railroad tracks and two lane automobile roadway crosses= Susquehanna River locale= York County, Pennsylvania and… …   Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania Railroad System — Logo der PRR Die Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) war eine US amerikanische Eisenbahngesellschaft mit Sitz in Philadelphia. Sie wurde 1846 gegründet und existierte bis zur Fusion mit der New York Central Railroad im Jahre 1968. Ihr etwa 10.000 Meilen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania Railroad — Logo der PRR Die Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) war eine US amerikanische Eisenbahngesellschaft mit Sitz in Philadelphia. Sie wurde 1846 gegründet und existierte bis zur Fusion mit der New York Central Railroad im Jahre 1968. Ihr etwa 10.000 Meilen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pennsylvania Railroad Co. — Former U.S. railroad. It was chartered in 1846 by the Pennsylvania legislature to build a line between Harrisburg and Pittsburgh, and its passenger service began two years later. By purchasing the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railway in… …   Universalium

  • Erie Railroad Company — ▪ American railway       U.S. railroad running between New York City, Buffalo, and Chicago, through the southern counties of New York state and skirting Lake Erie. It was incorporated in 1832 as the New York and Erie Railroad Company, to build… …   Universalium

  • Main Line (Pennsylvania Railroad) — For other uses, see Main Line (disambiguation). Crossing of the Alleghany, Pennsylvania Railroad, 1853 print The Main Line of the Pennsylvania Railroad was a rail line in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, connecting Philadelphia with …   Wikipedia

  • Cumberland and Pennsylvania Railroad — Locale Maryland Dates of operation 1850–1944 Successor Western Maryland Railway Track gauge 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) ( …   Wikipedia

  • New York Central Railroad Company — ▪ American railway       one of the major American railroads that connected the East Coast with the interior. Founded in 1853, it was a consolidation of 10 small railroads that paralleled the Erie Canal between Albany and Buffalo; the earliest… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.