Pelloux, Luigi

▪ prime minister of Italy
born March 1, 1839, La Roche, Savoy [now in France]
died Oct. 26, 1924, Bordighera, Italy

      Italian general and prime minister (1898–1900) who brought his country to the brink of crisis by adopting an extremely repressive domestic policy.

      After graduation from the military academy at Turin (1857), Pelloux fought in several battles against Austria, distinguishing himself as a brave and capable leader. He rose through the ranks and as major commanded the artillery that first breached Rome's Porta Pia, thus allowing the occupation of the city (1870), which the troops of a uniting Italy made the country's capital.

      In 1880 Pelloux began his political career in the House of Deputies. Promoted to general in 1885, he was minister of war in three cabinets (1891–92, 1892–93, 1896–97). In 1896 he was made a senator. When disturbances broke out in Bari, where he was commander of the army corps, he recognized that the unrest arose from extreme economic need and refused to declare martial law, thus gaining the favour of the leftists. Similar outbursts in other Italian cities, however, led to the downfall of the government.

      Invited to form a government (June 1898), Pelloux began correcting the excesses of the previous administration. Soon, however, his training as an army officer asserted itself, and he introduced a repressive bill that would have greatly curtailed civil liberties (February 1899). To avoid defeat on his foreign policy, which featured an unsuccessful military expedition to China, Pelloux resigned (March 1899) and formed a second, more conservative government.

      Although the country was now quite calm, Pelloux attempted to make his earlier bill more repressive, thus finally uniting the left in opposition against him. Pelloux prorogued the chamber and tried to have the bill passed by royal decree.

      When the decree was ruled void by the Court of Cassation (February 1900), Pelloux had to resubmit his bill to a thoroughly hostile chamber. Forced to resign on June 18, 1900, he was given command of an army corps at Turin (1900–02).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pelloux, Luigi Girolamo — (1839–1924)    General Pelloux fought in all three of the wars that established Italian independence and reunification. In 1870, he commanded the artillery that breached the walls of Rome. His political career began in 1880, when he was elected… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Luigi Pelloux — Mandats 22e président du Conseil italien 29 juin 1898 – 24 juin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pelloux — Luigi Pelloux Luigi Pelloux (* 1. März 1839 in La Roche sur Foron, Savoyen; † 26. Oktober 1924 in Bordighera) war ein italienischer General und Politiker. Leben Seine Eltern waren ursprünglich italienisc …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luigi Pelloux — (* 1. März 1839 in La Roche sur Foron, Savoyen; † 26. Oktober 1924 in Bordighera) war ein italienischer General und Politiker. Leben Seine Eltern waren ursprünglich italienischer Nationalität und behielten diese auch bei, als …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luigi Pelloux — (La Roche sur Foron, 1 de marzo de 1839 Bordighera, 26 de octubre de 1924) fue un general y político italiano. Fue Presidente del Consejo de Ministros de Italia del 29 de junio de 1898 al 24 de junio de 1900 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Luigi Carlo Farini — Mandats 4e président du Conseil italien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luigi Luzzatti — Mandats 31e président du Conseil italien 31 mars  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luigi Facta — Mandats 39e président du Conseil italien Monarque Victor Emmanuel III Prédécesseur Ivanoe Bonomi Successeur Benito Mussolini …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pelloux — (spr. lū), Luigi, ital. General, geb. 1839 in Savoyen, trat mit 13 Jahren in die Kriegsakademie zu Turin ein und nahm an den Feldzügen von 1859, 1860, 1866 und 1870 teil. 1870 kommandierte er als Major die Artillerieabteilung, die bei dem Angriff …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pelloux — (spr. luh), Luigi, ital. General und Staatsmann, geb. 1. Febr. 1839 zu La Roche (Savoyen), 1885 Generalmajor, 1891 Generalleutnant, erhielt 1895 das Kommando des Veroneser Armeekorps, 1891 93 und 1896 97 Kriegsminister, 1898 1900… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.