parathyroid adenoma

      disorder characterized by loss of mineral materials from the skeleton, the development of kidney stones, and occasionally progressive kidney insufficiency. Increase in the number (hyperplasia) of secretory cells of one or more of the parathyroid glands results in an excess of parathyroid hormone in the circulation. The action of parathyroid hormone removes calcium from the bones; the calcium may then be deposited elsewhere, as in kidney stones.

      Symptoms include chronic tiredness and sleepiness, weakness, loss of appetite, constipation, nausea, thirst, and sometimes personality changes. Pain accompanies weakening of bones, and in 25 percent of cases so-called brown tumours develop in the ends of long bones; pathological fractures are not uncommon. The disease is twice as frequent in women as in men and usually begins in middle age. Treatment usually includes surgical excision of the adenoma. (See hyperparathyroidism.)

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Parathyroid adenoma — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 9626 ICD10 = ICD9 = ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = 001188 eMedicineSubj = radio eMedicineTopic = 525 MeshID = D010282 A parathyroid adenoma is a benign tumor of the parathyroid gland.It can… …   Wikipedia

  • Parathyroid hormone — (PTH), or parathormone, is secreted by the parathyroid glands as a polypeptide containing 84 amino acids. It acts to increase the concentration of calcium (Ca2+) in the blood, whereas calcitonin (a hormone produced by the parafollicular cells (C… …   Wikipedia

  • Parathyroid carcinoma — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 9628 ICD10 = C75.0 ICD9 = ICD9|9628 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = med eMedicineTopic = 1754 MeshID = D010282 Parathyroid carcinoma is a potential cause of hyperparathyroidism.… …   Wikipedia

  • Adenoma — Classification and external resources Micrograph of a tubular adenoma (left of image), a type of colonic polyp and a precursor of colorectal cancer. Normal colorectal mucosa is seen on the right of the image. H E stain …   Wikipedia

  • Thyroid adenoma — Classification and external resources ICD 9 226 DiseasesDB 13071 …   Wikipedia

  • Pituitary adenoma — Classification and external resources ICD 10 D35.2 …   Wikipedia

  • chief cell adenoma — adenoma of the parathyroid gland composed of solid masses of small chief cells similar to those seen in the normal gland …   Medical dictionary

  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia — Classification and external resources Micrograph of a medullary thyroid carcinoma, as may be seen in MEN 2A and MEN 2B. H E stain …   Wikipedia

  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 — Classification and external resources ICD 10 D44.8 ICD 9 258.01 …   Wikipedia

  • Osteitis fibrosa cystica — Classification and external resources Osteitis fibrosa cys …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.