Pahlavi language

also spelled  Pehlevi 

      major form of the Middle Persian language (see Persian language), which existed from the 3rd to the 10th century and was the official language of the Sāsānian empire (AD 226–652). It is attested by Zoroastrian books, coins, and inscriptions. Pahlavi books were written in a confusing writing system of Aramaic origin called the Pahlavi alphabet. The major part of Pahlavi literature is religious, including translations from and commentaries on the Zoroastrian sacred book, the Avesta. Little has survived from pre-Islāmic times, and the Bundahishn and Dēnkart, both Zoroastrian religious works, date from the Islāmic period. Manuscripts were preserved by the Parsis (Zoroastrians) of Bombay and elsewhere. Pahlavi was superseded by Modern Persian, which is written in the Arabic alphabet.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pahlavi — Pah la*vi, Pahlevi Pah le*vi, n. 1. The language of Sassanian Persia. See {Pehlevi}. [1913 Webster] 2. The script in which the Pahlavi language was written. It was taken from the Aramaic alphabet. [PJC] 3. A gold coin formerly used in Iran, equal …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pahlavi (disambiguation) — Pahlavi may refer to:* the Pahlavi writing system, as adopted to render various Middle Iranian languages * the Middle Persian name of the Parthian language and speakers of it * The Pahlavas a people mentioned in ancient Indian texts believed to… …   Wikipedia

  • Pahlavi — 1773, Iranian language spoken in Persia 3c. 10c., from Pers. Pahlavi, from O.Pers. Parthava Parthia (see PARTHIAN (Cf. Parthian)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Pahlavi scripts — Infobox Writing system name=Pahlavi script type=Alternative typedesc=abjad→abugida, logographic and ideographic languages = Middle Iranian languages time = 3rd c. BCE to 10th c. CE (hypothetical) 2nd c. BCE to 17th c. CE (attested) fam1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Language and ethnicity of Kambojas — The Kambojas of Indian literature have been speculated to have been an Iranian people, perhaps cognate with the later Indo Scythians or Sakas.History of the hypothesisBased on Yaska s Nirukta and a gatha from Buddhist Bhuridatta Jataka , one… …   Wikipedia

  • Pahlavi — I. noun Etymology: Persian pahlavī, from Pahlav Parthia, from Old Persian Parthava Date: 1773 1. the Iranian language of Sassanian Persia see Indo European languages table 2. a script used for writing Pahlavi II. biographical name see Reza Shah… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Pahlavi — /pah leuh vee /, n., pl Pahlavis for 3. 1. Muhammad Riza (or Reza) /ri zah /, 1919 80, shah of Iran 1941 79; in exile after 1979 (son of Riza Shah Pahlavi). 2. Riza (or Reza) Shah, 1877 1944, shah of Iran 1925 41. 3. (l.c.) a former gold coin of… …   Universalium

  • Pahlavi — I. /ˈpaləvi/ (say pahluhvee) noun 1. Mohammed (Shahansah Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlavi), 1919–80, shah of Iran 1941–79. 2. his father, Reza /ˈrɛza/ (say rezah), 1877–1944, shah of Iran 1925–41, founder of the Pahlavi dynasty. Also, Pehlevi. II.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Pahlavi — n. Iranian royal family n. Iranian language used from the 3rd to 10th centuries (Indo European language); alphabet used to write Pahlavi …   English contemporary dictionary

  • language — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) System of communication Nouns 1. language, tongue, lingo, vernacular, mother tongue, protolanguage; living or dead language; idiom, parlance, phraseology; wording; dialect, patois, cant, jargon, lingo,… …   English dictionary for students

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