▪ Ottoman sultan
also called  Orhan Gazi, Orhan  also spelled  Orkhan 
born 1288
died 1360

      the second ruler of the Ottoman dynasty, which had been founded by his father, Osman I. Orhan's reign (1324–60) marked the beginning of Ottoman expansion into the Balkans.

      Under Orhan's leadership, the small Ottoman principality in northwestern Anatolia continued to attract Ghazis (warriors for the Islāmic faith) from surrounding Turkish emirates fighting against Byzantium. In 1324 the Byzantine town of Brusa (later Bursa) fell to the Ottomans, followed by Nicaea (İznik) (modern İznik) in 1331 and Nicomedia (İzmit) (modern İzmit) in 1337.

      Turning to the neighbouring Turkmen states, Orhan annexed the principality of Karası (Karası Dynasty), which had been weakened by dynastic struggles (c. 1345), and he extended his control to the extreme northwest corner of Anatolia. In 1346 the Ottomans became the principal ally of the future Byzantine emperor John VI Cantacuzenus by crossing over into the Balkans to assist him against his rival John V Palaeologus.

      As John VI's ally, Orhan married Theodora, John's daughter, and acquired the right to conduct raids in the Balkans. His campaigns provided the Ottomans with an intimate knowledge of the area, and in 1354 they seized Gallipoli as a permanent foothold in Europe.

      Orhan's reign also marked the beginning of the institutions that transformed the Ottoman principality into a powerful state. In 1327 the first silver Ottoman coins were minted in Orhan's name, while the Anatolian conquests were consolidated and the army was reorganized on a more permanent basis. Finally, Orhan built mosques, medreses (theological colleges), and caravansaries in the newly conquered towns, particularly the Ottoman capital, Bursa, which later became a major Islāmic centre.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Orhan — ist ein türkischer männlicher Vorname mit der Bedeutung „Der Stadtverwalter“ bzw. „Der Stadtrichter“. Eine seltenere Variante des Namens ist Orkan.[1][2][3] Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orhan — is a Turkish given name for males. People named Orhan include: Orhan I, Turkish Ottoman sultan Orhan Ademi, Swiss footballer Asım Orhan Barut, Turkish American theoretical physicist Orhan Boran, Turkish radio and TV host Orhan Çıkırıkçı, Turkish… …   Wikipedia

  • Orhan I. — Orhan I., auch Orkhan oder Orchan oder Orhankaptan in Hatay (osmanisch ‏اورخان غازی‎, İA Orḫan Ġāzī, türkisch Orhan Gazi; * 1281 in Reyhanli/Bilecik; † 1359 in Bursa, nach anderer Quelle † Ende April 1362), war Sohn von Osman I. und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orhan I — Bey de la tribu de los osmanlíes Reinado 1326 1359 Nacimiento 1281 Söğüt, Imp …   Wikipedia Español

  • Orhan Ak —  Orhan Ak Spielerinformationen Voller Name Orhan Ak Geburtstag 29. September 1979 Geburtsort Adapazarı, Türkei Größe 179 cm …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orhan Ak — Personal information Full name Orhan Ak Date of birth September 29, 1979 (1979 09 …   Wikipedia

  • Orhan I — Orhan u Orkhan (*ca. 1281 1360), bey (jefe) del recién nacido Imperio Otomano, conocido entonces como la tribu de los Osmanlíes, entre 1326 y 1359. Tuvo cinco hijos, Suleyman Pasa, Murad, Ibrahim, Halil, Kasim y una hija, Fatma. A su muerte, el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Orhan — Orhan,   osmanischer Sultan (seit 1326), * um 1281/82, ✝ 1360; Sohn Osmans I., legte sich als erster osmanischer Herrscher den Titel Sultan zu; eroberte 1326 Brussa (heute Bursa) sowie fast ganz Nordwestkleinasien; um 1354 überschritten seine… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • òrhan — m zool., {{c=1}}v. {{ref}}gof{{/ref}} ✧ {{001f}}grč …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • orhan — òrhan m DEFINICIJA zool., v. gof ETIMOLOGIJA grč. orphnós: taman, mrk …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Orhan — Òrhan DEFINICIJA 1. v. 2. (1288 1360), drugi vladar osmanske dinastije (1324 1360), započeo osmansku invaziju na Balkan ONOMASTIKA m. os. ime (musl.) pr.: Òrhanović (Orhánović) (Dubrovnik, J i sred. Dalmacija) ETIMOLOGIJA tur …   Hrvatski jezični portal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.