Orellana, Francisco de

▪ Spanish explorer and soldier
born c. 1490, Trujillo, Castile [Spain]
died c. 1546, Amazon River

      Spanish soldier and first European explorer of the Amazon River.

      After participating with Francisco Pizarro (Pizarro, Francisco) in the conquest of Peru in 1535, Orellana moved to Guayaquil and was named governor of that area in 1538. When Pizarro's half brother, Gonzalo (Pizarro, Gonzalo), prepared an expedition to explore the regions east of Quito, Orellana was appointed his lieutenant. In April 1541 he was sent ahead of the main party to seek provisions, taking a brigantine with 50 soldiers. He reached the junction of the Napo and Marañón rivers, where his group persuaded him of the impossibility of returning to Pizarro. Instead, he entered upon an exploration of the Amazon system. Drifting with the current, he reached the mouth of the river in August 1542. Proceeding to Trinidad, he finally returned to Spain, where he told of hoards of gold and cinnamon and of encounters with tribes led by women resembling the Amazons of Greek mythology—a comparison that is presumed to have led him to name the river the Amazon.

      Orellana sought the right to explore and exploit the lands that he had discovered. Because the Spanish crown was involved in controversy with Portugal over the ownership of the area, it could provide him with only some assistance but no official support. His return to the Amazon proved a disaster. Ships and men were lost on the passage to America, and Orellana's vessel capsized near the mouth of the great river and he drowned.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Orellana, Francisco de — ► (1511 50) Conquistador español. Exploró los Llanos Orientales, en Perú, y llegó al Atlántico en 1542, recorriendo el curso del Amazonas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Francisco de Orellana — Bronze head of Orellana in Guayaquil, Ecuador Born 1511 Trujillo, Extremadura, Spain Died …   Wikipedia

  • Francisco De Orellana — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Orellana. Francisco de Orellana est un navigateur et explorateur espagnol qui nomma le fleuve Amazone. Il naît à Trujillo (en Estrémadure) à une date inconnue mais qui se situe vraisemblablement entre 1490 et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Orellana — orellana. com. coloq. El Salv. oreja (ǁ espía que oye conversaciones). * * * Orellana es un nombre que puede significar: ● Un explorador español, véase …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Francisco Tárrega — Francisco Tárrega, Portrait von Vicent Castell (1904). Francisco de Asís Tárrega y Eixea, auf Katalanisch Francesc d’Assís Tàrrega i Eixea, (* 21. November 1852 in Villarreal, Spanien; † 15. Dezember 1909 in Barcelona) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francisco de Orellana — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Orellana. Francisco de Orellana …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Francisco Vásquez de Coronado — The title of this article contains the character á. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Francisco Vasquez de Coronado. This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Vásquez de… …   Wikipedia

  • Francisco de Orellana — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Francisco de Orellana Busto de Francisco de Orellana en …   Wikipedia Español

  • Orellana la Vieja — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Orellana — es un nombre que puede referirse a: Fabián Orellana, jugador chileno, actualmente jugando en el Granada Club de Fútbol español. Francisco de Orellana, explorador español. Cantón Francisco de Orellana), un cantón de la provincia de Orellana.… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.