Opava


Opava

German  Troppau , Polish  Opawa 

      city, northeastern Czech Republic. It lies along the Opava River near the Polish border and is northwest of Ostrava, from which it is separated by part of the wooded Oder Hills.

      First recorded as Oppavia in 1195, it was a principate and fief of the Bohemian crown in the early 14th century and later became the capital of Austrian Silesia. In 1820, after the Napoleonic Wars, representatives of Prussia, Austria, and Russia convened there for the Congress of Troppau. Many historic buildings in the city were destroyed in World War II. Surviving in the Upper Square is the 237-foot- (72-metre-) high town-hall tower. In the Lower Square is the restored 17th-century Jesuit Church of St. George and the building of the former Silesian Diet. The Gothic Church of St. Mary was built by the Teutonic Knights. The Silesian Museum has exhibits of natural science, prehistory, history, art, and culture.

      The town is now a market centre with good rail and road connections to other parts of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Poland. Its manufactures include clothing, machinery, railway cars, and foodstuffs. Pop. (2007 est.) 59,156.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Opava — Opava …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Opava — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • OPAVA — (Ger. Troppau), city in N. Silesia, Czech Republic. A tale about 27 Jews being executed for well poisoning in Opava in 1163 is probably unreliable. A Jewish community is first mentioned in 1281. Although their expulsion is not documented it is… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Opava — Opava, tschech. Name der Stadt Troppau (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Opava — (Czech), Opavia (Latin), Opawa (Polish), Troppau (German) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Opava — This article is about the city in the Czech Republic. For other uses, see Opava (disambiguation) Coordinates: 49°56′N 17°54′E / 49.933°N 17.9°E …   Wikipedia

  • Opava — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Opava, ville de République tchèque, connue jusqu en 1918 sous le nom allemand de Troppau ; Opava, ville de Slovaquie ; Opava, rivière tchèque… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Opava — Original name in latin Opava Name in other language Gorad Opava, Opava, Opawa, Oppavia, Troppau, Uopawa, ao pa wa, awpawa, opaba, opavuOpavaa, Горад Опава, Опава State code CZ Continent/City Europe/Prague longitude 49.93866 latitude 17.90257… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Opava — Sp Òpava Ap Opava L u. ir mst. Čekijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Opava — (al. Troppau) ► C. de la República Checa, en la prov. de Moravia Septentrional, próxima a la frontera polaca; 63 601 h …   Enciclopedia Universal


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