Olmedo, José Joaquín

▪ Ecuadorian writer
also  José Joaquín de Olmedo 
born March 20, 1780, Guayaquil, New Granada [now in Ecuador]
died Feb. 19, 1847, Guayaquil, Ecuador

      poet and statesman whose odes commemorating South America's achievement of independence from Spain captured the revolutionary spirit of his time and inspired a generation of Romantic poets and patriots. They have remained monuments to the heroic figures of the liberation movement in South America.

      After receiving his degree in law in 1805 from the University of San Marcos in Lima, Peru, Olmedo was sent to Spain in 1811 to represent Guayaquil in the Cortes de Cádiz, the revolutionary parliament that promulgated the liberal constitution of 1812.

      Olmedo returned to Guayaquil in 1816, continuing to be active in political life while writing poetry. His forceful themes of battle and liberation, inspired by contemporary events and the poetry of Homer, Horace, and Virgil, soon brought him recognition as an outstanding spokesman of the liberation movement. The ode for which he is best remembered, La victoria de Junín: Canto a Bolívar (1825; “The Victory at Junín: Song to Bolívar”), commemorates the decisive battle won there by the forces of the liberator Simón Bolívar against the Spanish armies. Neoclassical in form, yet Romantic in inspiration and imagery, the Canto a Bolívar is considered by many critics the finest example of heroic poetry written in Spanish America.

      When Ecuador became a republic in 1830, Olmedo was elected its first vice president, but he declined this honour, preferring to remain active in local politics. His later poetry foresaw and deplored the trend toward the militarism and civil war that was beginning to undermine the unity of South America after independence had been achieved.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Olmedo, José Joaquín de — ► (1780 1847) Poeta y político ecuatoriano. Redactó el manifiesto del gobierno provisional de Perú (1845). Autor de La victoria de Junín: Canto a Bolívar (1825) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • José Joaquín de Olmedo — Retrato de José Joaquín de Olmedo …   Wikipedia Español

  • José Joaquín de Olmedo y Maruri — José Joaquín de Olmedo José Joaquín de Olmedo (ecuadorianische Briefmarke) José Joaquín de Olmedo (* 20. März 1780 in Guayaquil …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport — Aeropuerto Internacional José Joaquín de Olmedo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José Joaquín de Olmedo — (ecuadorianische Briefmarke) José Joaquín de Olmedo (* 20. März 1780 in Guayaquil; † 19. Februar 1847 ebenda) war ein ecuadorianischer Rechtsanwalt, Schriftsteller und Politiker. Olmedo war der Sohn eines Spaniers und eine gebürtigen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José Joaquín de Olmedo y Maruri — (Guayaquil, March 20,1780 February 19, 1847) A patriot and a poet, son of the Spaniard Captain Don Miguel de Olmedo y Troyano and the Guayaquilean lady Ana Francisca de Maruri y Salavarría.On October 9th, 1820, Olmedo declared the independence of …   Wikipedia

  • José Joaquín de Mora — José Joaquín de Mora. (Cádiz, 10 de enero de 1783 Madrid, 3 de octubre de 1864), escritor, educador, periodista, poeta, jurista y político español …   Wikipedia Español

  • José Joaquín Olmedo — nació en Guayaquil, en 1780. Estudió leyes y fue diputado por esa ciudad en las Cortes de Cádiz españolas (1810). En 1820 fue nombrado presidente de la Junta de Gobierno de Guayaquil. Contrario a la integración de Ecuador en la República de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport — Infobox Airport name = José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport nativename = Aeropuerto Internacional José Joaquín de Olmedo nativename a = nativename r = image width = caption = IATA = GYE ICAO = SEGU type = Public owner = operator = city… …   Wikipedia

  • José Joaquín de Olmedo — Portrait de José Joaquín de Olmedo vers 1920, par Mario Kirby Maldonado. José Joaquín de Olmedo y Maruri né le 20 mars 1780 et mort le 19 février 1847, était un poète et un homme politique équatorien. Il fut le premier maire de Guayaquil. Il a… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.