Okhlopkov, Nikolay Pavlovich
▪ Soviet theatrical directorborn May 2 [May 15, New Style], 1900, Irkutsk, Siberia, Russiadied Jan. 8, 1967, Moscow, U.S.S.R.Soviet experimental-theatrical director and producer. He was one of the first modern directors to introduce productions in the round on an arena stage in an effort to restore intimacy between the actors and the audience.Okhlopkov studied fine arts and music before enrolling in the Meyerhold State Theatrical Workshops in Moscow (1922). An actor in the Meyerhold Theatre from 1923, he was director (1931–36) of the Realistic Theatre in Moscow (formerly the Moscow Art Theatre Studio). Drawing on the principles of Greek, Chinese, Japanese, and Shakespearean theatre, he designed an elaborate stage in the centre of the house and often placed the seated spectators inside the field of action. Although he produced chiefly political and proletarian dramas tailored to Soviet ideology, his experimentalism eventually led the government to close the Realistic Theatre (1938). From 1938 to 1943, Okhlopkov was a producer at the Vakhtangov Theatre and from 1943 to 1966 at the Moscow Drama (after 1954 called the Mayakovsky Theatre). He also produced and acted in a number of Soviet films.
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Nikolay Okhlopkov — Nikolay Pavlovich Okhlopkov (Russian: Николай Павлович Охлопков) (15 May 1900 – 8 January 1967) was a Soviet actor and theatre director who patterned his work after Meyerhold. He was born in Irkutsk, Siberia and started his acting career there … Wikipedia
theatre, Western — ▪ art Introduction history of the Western theatre from its origins in pre Classical antiquity to the present. For a discussion of drama as a literary form, see dramatic literature and the articles on individual national literatures.… … Universalium
theatre — /thee euh teuhr, theeeu /, n. theater. * * * I Building or space in which performances are given before an audience. It contains an auditorium and stage. In ancient Greece, where Western theatre began (5th century BC), theatres were constructed… … Universalium
theatre-in-the-round — or arena stage Theatre in which the stage is located in the centre of the auditorium with the audience seated on all sides. The form evolved from Greek theatre and was used in medieval times. From the 17th century the proscenium stage limited… … Universalium