Northern Pacific Railway Company

▪ American railway
      one of the northern transcontinental railroads of the United States, operating between St. Paul, Minn., and Seattle, Wash., and merged into the Burlington Northern in 1970.

      The Northern Pacific was chartered by Congress in 1864 to build a line from Lake Superior westward to a port on the Pacific coast and was given a land grant of 40,000,000 acres (16,200,000 hectares). It nevertheless encountered difficulty in finding financial backing for its venture into a mostly unsettled wilderness until the Philadelphia banker Jay Cooke (Cooke, Jay) undertook to raise $100,000,000. In 1873 the railroad was approaching Bismarck, in the Dakota Territory, when Cooke's bank collapsed. The road went into receivership, and construction stopped for six years. In 1878 the railroad was taken over by Henry Villard (Villard, Henry), who built it westward to Helena in Montana Territory, where it was connected with the Oregon Railway to Seattle in Washington Territory in 1883.

      The Northern Pacific encountered new financial difficulties in the 1890s, when it was reorganized by the banker J.P. Morgan. Morgan (Morgan, John Pierpont) shared control of it with James J. Hill (Hill, James Jerome), whose Great Northern Railway Company was a close competitor. Hill sought to combine the two railroads with the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company through the Northern Securities Company, with Hill as president. In 1904 the U.S. Supreme Court declared this arrangement a violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. The three railroads continued to be financially linked, however, and in 1970 they were permitted to merge as the Burlington Northern, Inc. With the addition of the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway Company in 1980, the Burlington system had about 30,000 miles (48,000 km) of track, stretching from the West Coast through the Rocky Mountains to the Great Lakes and down to the Gulf of Mexico. The Burlington Northern acquired the Santa Fe Pacific Corporation in 1995.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Northern Pacific Railway — The Northern Pacific Railway system map …   Wikipedia

  • Northern Pacific Railway — La Northern Pacific Railway (sigle de l AAR: NP) est une compagnie ferroviaire qui traversait le centre nord des États Unis et desservait les États de l Idaho, du Minnesota, du Montana, du Dakota du Nord, de l Oregon, de Washington et du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Northern Pacific Railway locomotives — Contents 1 Steam Locomotive Classes 1.1 Wheel Arrangements 1.1.1 0 4 0 1.1.2 0 6 0 1.1.3 0 8 0 …   Wikipedia

  • Northern Pacific Railway class S-10 — NP S 10 Class Power type Steam Builder Alco (Rogers) Build date 1905 1907 Total produced 20 Configuration 4 6 0 UIC classification 2 C Gauge …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian Pacific Railway Company — Canadien Pacifique Logo du Chemin de fer Canadien Pacifique Limitée Création 1881 Fondateur(s) John A. Macdonald …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Northern Pacific-Bahn — (seit 1896 Northern Pacific Railway Company) wurde gegründet laut Konzessionsurkunde vom 2. Juli 1864. Die Bahn durchzieht die Staaten, bez. Territorien Wisconsin. Minnesota, Oregon, Dakota, Wyoming, Montana; laut Konzessionsurkunde war sie… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Northern Pacific-Eisenbahn — Northern Pacific Eisenbahn. Die ersten bis an den Beginn des Eisenbahnzeitalters zurückreichenden Pläne einer Schienenverbindung zwischen dem Atlantischen und dem Stillen Ozean hatten als die geeignetste Gegend das Gebiet zwischen den großen Seen …   Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens

  • Northern Lines Railway — (reporting mark NLR) is a shortline railroad operating 25 miles (40 km) of track in and near St. Cloud in central Minnesota. The railroad was formed in 2004 to operate former Burlington Northern Santa Fe trackage in the St. Cloud area.… …   Wikipedia

  • Pacific Lumber Company — PALCO redirects here. For other uses, see PALCO (disambiguation). The Pacific Lumber Company PALCO Type Subsidiary Industry logging, milling Founded 1863 Headquarters Scotia, California …   Wikipedia

  • Northern Central Railway — Le Northern Central Railway (NCRY) était un chemin de fer américain de classe I qui apparut en 1854 suite à la consolidations de plusieurs compagnies en activité dans le Maryland et la Pennsylvanie. La ligne fut achevée en 1858. Le Pennsylvania… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.