Nordenskiöld, Adolf Erik, Baron

▪ Swedish explorer
in full  Nils Adolf Erik, Baron Nordenskiöld  
born Nov. 18, 1832, Helsinki, Fin.
died Aug. 12, 1901, Dalbyö, Sweden

      Swedish geologist, mineralogist, geographer, and explorer who sailed from Norway to the Pacific across the Asiatic Arctic, completing the first successful navigation of the Northeast Passage.

      In 1858 Nordenskiöld settled in Stockholm, joined an expedition to the Arctic island of Spitsbergen, between Norway and Greenland, and became professor and curator of mineralogy at the Swedish State Museum. He returned to Spitsbergen again in 1861 and led his own expeditions there in 1864, 1868, and 1872–73, adding to geologic knowledge of the area. In 1870 he also led an expedition to western Greenland to study the inland ice.

      Before attempting to cross the Northeast Passage, Nordenskiöld made preliminary voyages in 1875 and 1876, on which he penetrated the Kara Sea, north of Siberia, to the mouth of the Yenisey River. Sailing from Tromsø, Nor., aboard the steam vessel Vega on July 21, 1878, he reached Cape Chelyushkin, Siberia, roughly the midpoint of his journey, on August 19. From the end of September until July 18, 1879, the ship was frozen in near the Bering Strait. Resuming its course, the Vega reached Port Clarence, Alaska, on July 22 and returned to Europe by way of Canton (China), Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), and the Suez Canal. When Nordenskiöld reached Stockholm on April 24, 1880, he was created a baron by King Oscar. In 1883, while returning from western Greenland, where he penetrated far into the inland ice, he became the first to break through the great sea ice barrier of the southeast Greenland coast.

      Nordenskiöld also made notable contributions in the field of cartography.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld — For other members of Nordenskiöld family, see Nordenskiöld (surname). The title of this article contains the character ö. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Adolf Erik Nordenskiold. Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld …   Wikipedia

  • Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nordenskiöld. Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nordenskiöld, (Nils) Adolf Erik, Frihere (baron) — born Nov. 18, 1832, Helsinki, Fin. died Aug. 12, 1901, Dalbyö, Swed. Finnish born Swedish geologist, mineralogist, geographer, and explorer. In 1858 he settled in Stockholm and became professor and curator of mineralogy at the Swedish State… …   Universalium

  • Nordenskiöld, (Nils) Adolf Erik, Frihere (barón) — (18 nov. 1832, Helsinki, Finlandia–12 ago. 1901, Dalbyö, Suecia). Geólogo, mineralogista, geógrafo y explorador sueco nacido en Finlandia. En 1858 se estableció en Estocolmo y se convirtió en profesor y conservador de mineralogía en el Museo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adolf Nordenskjöld — Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld. Ölgemälde von Axel Jungstedt aus dem Jahr 1902 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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