Nobile, Umberto

▪ Italian explorer
born Jan. 21, 1885, Lauro, near Salerno, Italy
died July 30, 1978, Rome
 Italian aeronautical engineer and pioneer in Arctic aviation who in 1926, with the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen and Lincoln Ellsworth of the United States flew over the North Pole in the dirigible Norge, from Spitsbergen (now Svalbard), north of Norway, to Alaska.

      As a general in the Italian air force and a professor of aeronautical engineering at the University of Naples in 1928, Nobile began a new series of flights over unexplored Arctic regions with a craft similar to the Norge. On the third flight the airship crashed on the ice north-northeast of Spitsbergen. Though Nobile and 7 companions were rescued, 17 lives were lost. When an Italian commission of inquiry found him responsible for the disaster, he resigned his commission. In 1931 he took part in a Soviet voyage to the Arctic. After World War II the commission's report was discredited, and he was reinstated in the air force. He resumed teaching at Naples and was a deputy in the Italian Constituent Assembly (1946). Nobile's own account of his Arctic adventures is given in Gli italiani al Polo Nord (1959; My Polar Flights).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Nobile,Umberto — No·bi·le (nōʹbə lā, bē lĕ), Umberto. 1885 1978. Italian aeronautical engineer and Arctic explorer who designed several airships, including the semirigid dirigible Norge in which he flew over the North Pole with Roald Amundsen (1926). * * * …   Universalium

  • Nobile, Umberto — ► (1885 1978) Ingeniero aeronáutico italiano, aviador y explorador. Construyó los dirigibles Norge e Italia. Con el primero sobrevoló el polo Norte en 1926, junto con Amundsen …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nobile — Nobile, Umberto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nobile — Umberto Nobile Umberto Nobile Umberto Nobile (Lauro, 21 janvier 1885 Rome, 30 juillet 1978) fut un ingénieur aéronautique et un explorateur italien. Il fut professeur en construction aéronautique à l Université de N …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Umberto Nobile — (Lauro, 21 janvier 1885 Rome, 30 juillet 1978) est un ingénieur aéronautique et un explorateur italien. Il fut professeur en construction aéronautique à l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Umberto Nobile — (1926). Umberto Nobile (Lauro, provincia de Salerno, 21 de enero de 1885 – Roma, 30 de julio de 1978) fue un ingeniero aeronáutico italiano y uno de los exploradores árticos más famosos, principalmente por las técnicas que utilizó en sus e …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nobile — (Umberto) (1885 1978) aviateur et explorateur italien. Avec Amundsen, il explora le pôle N. en dirigeable (1926) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • NOBILE — ITALY (see also List of Individuals) 21.1.1885 Lauro/I 30.7.1978 Roma/I Umberto Nobile graduated as a mathematician from Naples University and initiated from 1911 studies in aerodynamics. In 1915 he was called to the airship division in Rome, and …   Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000

  • Umberto Nobile — (1926) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Umberto Nobile — (January 21, 1885 ndash; July 30, 1978) was an Italian aeronautical engineer and Arctic explorer. Nobile was a developer and promoter of semi rigid airships during the Golden Age of Aviation between the two World Wars. He is primarily remembered… …   Wikipedia

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