Nielsen, Carl

▪ Danish composer
in full  Carl August Nielsen  
born June 9, 1865, Sortelung, near Norre Lyndelse, Den.
died Oct. 3, 1931, Copenhagen

      violinist, conductor, and Denmark's foremost composer, particularly admired as a symphonist.

      Nielsen studied at the Royal Conservatory in Copenhagen from 1884 to 1886. He was a violinist in the court orchestra at Copenhagen intermittently from 1886 to 1905. He subsequently served as Kapellmeister at the Royal Theatre (1908–14) and conductor of the Copenhagen Musical Society (1915–27), and from 1915 he taught at the Royal Conservatory, where he became director in 1931, shortly before his death.

      Romanticism influenced Nielsen's early music, but his later style is a powerful fusion of chromatic and often dissonant harmony, solid contrapuntal structure, concentrated motivic treatment, and bold extensions of tonality with frequent polytonal passages. His six symphonies, written between 1890 and 1925, are forceful works that feature decisively articulated tonal progressions. The best known of these symphonies are Symphony No. 2 (1902; The Four Temperaments), Symphony No. 3 (1911; Sinfonia Espansiva), and Symphony No. 4 (1916; The Inextinguishable). He also wrote three concerti—for violin (1911), flute (1926), and clarinet (1928); the operas Saul og David (1902) and Maskarade (1906); four string quartets, two quintets, and choral and keyboard works. His songs based on Danish folk traditions are particularly highly regarded. Nielsen's writings include Levende musik (1925; Living Music, 1953) and Min fynske barndom (1927; My Childhood, 1953).

Additional Reading
Jürgen Balzer, Carl Nielsen: Centenary Essays (1965); Jack Lawson, Carl Nielsen (1997); Mina F. Miller, Carl Nielsen: A Guide to Research (1987); Mina F. Miller (ed.), The Nielsen Companion, rev. ed. (1995); Robert Simpson, Carl Nielsen: Symphonist, 1865–1931, rev. ed. (1979).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nielsen, Carl (August) — (9 jun. 1865, Sortelung, cerca de Norre Lyndelse, Dinamarca–3 oct. 1931, Copenhague). Compositor danés. En su niñez estudió violín y trompeta y comenzó a componer imitando los modelos clásicos. En 1890 viajó a Alemania para conocer los nuevos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nielsen, Carl (August) — born June 9, 1865, Sortelung, near Norre Lyndelse, Den. died Oct. 3, 1931, Copenhagen Danish composer. He studied violin and trumpet as a child and began composing by imitating classical models. In 1890 he went to Germany to learn of newer… …   Universalium

  • Carl Nielsen — in 1910 Carl August Nielsen (Danish pronunciation: [kʰɑːl ˈnelsn̩]), (9 June 1865 – 3 October 1931), widely recognised as Denmark s greatest composer, was also a conductor and a violinist.[1] Brought up by poor but musically talented… …   Wikipedia

  • Carl August Nielsen — Carl Nielsen Carl August Nielsen (* 9. Juni 1865 in Sortelung bei Nørre Lyndelse auf Fünen; † 3. Oktober 1931 in Kopenhagen) war ein dänischer Komponist und Dirigent. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Nielsen — Carl August Nielsen (* 9. Juni 1865 in Sortelung bei Nørre Lyndelse auf Fünen; † 3. Oktober 1931 in Kopenhagen) war ein dänischer Komponist und Dirigent. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Nielssen — Carl Nielsen Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nielsen. Carl Nielsen Carl Nielsen en 1910 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carl Nielsen — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda CARL AUGUST NIELSEN Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Carl Værnet — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Carl Værnet Carl Peder Værnet (Astrup, Århus, Dinamarca, 28 de abril de 1893   Buenos Aires, Argentina, 25 de noviembre de 1965) fue un mayor de las SS y médico en el campo de concentració …   Wikipedia Español

  • Carl Nielsen — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nielsen. Carl Nielsen Carl Nielsen en 1910 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • carl — carlish, adj. carlishness, n. /kahrl/, n. 1. Scot. a. a strong, robust fellow, esp. a strong manual laborer. b. a miser; an extremely thrifty person. 2. Archaic. a churl. 3. Obs. a bondman. Also, carle. [bef. 1000 (in compounds; see HOUSECARL);… …   Universalium

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